The Nuremberg Trials were held in Nuremberg, Germany from the 20th of November 1945 to the 1st of October 1946, 24 of the Nazi leaders were tried for their crimes against humanity, however only 22 trials were officially carried out due to Robert Ley committing suicide and Gustav Krupp von Bohlen deemed unfit for trial before their hearing. It was considered to be controversial as all Nazi officials at one time claimed that they were simply following orders from a higher power and that they weren’t to blame for their crimes because they were acting in self defence. Hermann Göring also committed suicide the day before his scheduled execution. Also a few of Hitler’s accomplices committed suicide before they had a chance to be trialled. These adjustments to the expected outcome of the Nuremberg Trials caused controversy amongst everyone who knew of the Nazi’s treatment of others, especially Jews. There was also some bias towards the Nazi party from the people conducting the trial as they were mostly from Allied descent and had personal reasons to persecute Nazis simply because they were Nazis without fairly considering their crimes against humanity.
To begin with, the Nuremberg Trials are the first trial to deal with crimes against humanity and to involve an international trial. It all began with the Holocaust, one of the worse and inhumane tragedies the world has ever seen. The Holocaust was the attempt to eradicate the Jewish people and culture. The Holocaust killed a total of around 6 million people who weren’t all Jews, but a good portion. They put them in camps where they would be starved, worked, and tortured. The Nazi Party did this because they blamed them for the loss of World War l. Next, the Nuremberg Trials were a way to prosecute the Nazi war criminals. There were trials to bring Nazi war criminals to justice. They were 13 separate trials between 1945 and 1949. To help, after The Holocaust occurred and people found out about it, the Nuremberg Trials were set up. Although, they did face
The Nuremberg Trials were a critical point in the history of international law because it established the fact that humanity has the need of an international shield to shelter and protect. This event was responsible for contributing in the ongoing process of developing rules that are binding between states and nations also known as international laws. The judgment of the trials may be one of the most important events in the history of international law due to the fact that it assisted in establishing laws against war crimes. One of the biggest questions raised was whether causing a war was an international crime that would be punishable or not. Many believed there was no
According to Justice Lawrence, author, the purpose of the Nuremberg Trials, later known as the Doctor’s Trial, was to “not only the punishment of those who were guilty but the establishment of the supremacy of international law over national law and proof of the actual facts” (Lawrence, p. 153) of the atrocious mass genocide known now as the Holocaust. This means that point of these trials were not only to punish the murderous doctors but also to show the world that international law is the highest form of power. A separate form of trials initially took place in Germany, however, it was a “farce” according to Lawrence. “The majority got off and such sentences as were inflicted were derisory and were soon remitted” (Lawrence, p. Yo27153). Due to the growing tension between the German court of law and other countries the Doctor’s Trial was then moved to Nuremberg, and the evidence was eventually over-turned to the United States who would eventually indict 23 doctors on a number of crimes
The International Military Tribunal was established in Nuremberg in August 1945, later followed by other tribunals. The Tribunal was set up by the Allied great powers: The United States, the Soviet Union, United Kingdom and France. Until October 1946 22 accused were prosecuted for crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. The extermination of the European Jews was not an independent count at the trial, but was included in crimes against humanity. Many of the murderers, tormentors and henchmen have since 1945 been convicted for the murder of Jews based on the guidelines from the Nuremberg Tribunal. Several of these have been
The allied forces formed the Nuremberg Tribunal, these forces included the United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, and France. These nations had announced that they would began grueling the Nazi’s in the winter of 1945. The United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union were the first to officially announced on december 17, 1942 that they wanted to litigate those who were responsible for the mass murders of the Jewish people. On October 1943 the Moscow Declaration was signed and this said that the criminal would be sent to their country and the country would take care of charging them accordingly to their laws. The Nuremberg trials officially began in Nuremberg, Germany on November 20, 1945 . Germany had surrendered just six months prior to the trials. Each one of the nations supplied a judge and a prosecution team in the trial (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). The Nazi’s could be charged with one or many of the four accounts: Conspiracy, Crimes Against Peace, War Crimes,
The Nuremburg Trials were trials held by allied forces to accuse a system of government for war crimes after World War II. These crimes dealt with invading nations, violating the Treaty of Versailles, and primarily “crimes against humanity.” They were later known as the Holocaust, where many victims were deported, enslaved, and executed. The victims of the Holocaust were primarily Jewish, Polish, Gypsies, and handicapped elderly who were considered dangerous. The International Military Tribunal, called the prosecutors consisted of lawyers and judges from the United States, France, and Soviet Union. The purpose of the trial was to decide how to prosecute the judges that did not do their job of serving justice to a multitude of innocent individuals
To offer some background, the Nuremberg Trials were a series of trials held in Nuremberg, Germany between the
The War Crimes Trials, also known as the Nuremberg Trials, were a series of two-hundred sixteen court sessions and thirteen trials charging twenty-four main Nazi party officials, highly- ranked military leaders, doctors and lawyers against their involvement with the Holocaust. The trials began on November 20, 1945 at the Nuremberg Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany, due to its significant connection to the Holocaust, and the Nazi Party. The trials were conducted by a U.S., French, British, and Soviet military tribunal, and the trials were authorized by the London Agreement. The charges against those being tried were crimes against peace including planning, starting and waging war; war crimes including violations of laws of war; crimes against humanity
After World War II, the victorious associates made a decision to hold a trail for the defeated Nazi officials. These Trails continued from November 20, 1945 till October 1, 1946. In these Tails, defendant use Nuremberg Defense, a legal strategy employed by many of the defendants at the Nuremberg war crimes trials seeking to convict Nazi perpetrators of war crimes and crimes against humanity committed during the Second World War, as a defense by claiming they were not guilty of charges against them as they were simply following orders (Rationalwiki). Even though the victors claimed that they would give the defendant a fair trial, on closer examination anyone can see that in reality, these trails were biased and were a victor’s justice (A
When the war finally ended after six long years, the was fell into a period of complete and utter chaos. So many people were so angry, shocked and horrified that they didn’t know where to begin. After dealing with the initial problem of helping the victims in the concentration camps, many people wanted to find the people who were responsible and make them pay. This is where the Nuremberg Trials come into the picture. The Nuremberg Trials were held in Nuremberg, Germany in 1945 and 1946 where Nazis were put on trial for their role in the Holocaust.
Throughout the Nuremburg trials there were 8 judges. Only 24 Nazis were indicted for war crimes. Out of those 24 only 22 were tried. 1 of the 24 was not included due to his mental/ physical status and his son committed suicide before the trials. Approximately 200 Nazis were tried for various
During your lifetime, have you ever wanted to bring someone to justice for something bad that they had done? The Nuremberg Trials were a series of trials held between 1945 and 1949 in which the Allies prosecuted German military leaders, political officials, industrialists, and financiers for the crimes they had committed during World War II. The Nazis who participated in doing those terrible things to the Jews were brought to justice. Most of them were executed for the sickening crimes they commited. The Nuremberg Trials were a significant aspect of the Holocaust because this event was held for the purpose of bringing Nazi war criminals to justice.
The Nuremberg Trials article says that, the defendants, Nazi Party officials, high ranking military officers along with German industrialists, lawyers and doctors, were indicated on charges such as crimes against peace and crimes against humanity (“Nuremberg Trials” US history). The Nuremberg trials are now trials regarded as a milestone toward the establishment of a permanent international court, and an important precedent for dealing with later instances of genocide and other crimes (“The Nuremberg Trials”). The Nuremberg Trials is a general name for two sets of trials of Nazis involved in crimes committed during the Holocaust of World War II. The first, and most famous, began on November 20,1945. It was entitled the Trial of the Major War Criminals before the International Military Tribunal, which tried the most important leadership of Nazi Germany. The defendants in the Main Nuremberg Trial were found guilty, sentenced to death, and were hanged(“The Defendants”). The second set of trials, for lesser war criminals, was under control Council Law No. 10, at the US Nuremberg Military
World War II produced an overwhelming amount of war criminals, mostly due to the mass murders of Jewish people during the Holocaust. The cruel and devastating nature of these crimes warranted justice, and there was some level of confusion on how to go about punishing the offenders. Unfortunately, because of the numerous amount of criminals, some of them would go without punishment. While the allies did their best to serve justice as widely and fairly as possible, many people would slip through the cracks of the legal system, and many people deserving of prosecution did not get fairly punished