The Waste Of Waste Production And Generation

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As the rate of urbanization and industrialisation in India has gone up so has the rate of waste production and generation. As per the report of CPCB 2012, India generated 127485.107 MT/Day out of which 70 % is collected, rest are lying either on the roads or water body. The waste collected is inadequate to reuse, recycle or generate it for the energy due to its mixed character, lack of financial constraint and competence of the municipal body.
As a result the inadequacies occurred in the management will cause littering of the waste on the sides of the roads, open dump sites, water body, any depression etc. These activities induce unhygienic conditions and degradation of the environment.
The waste
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The informal recycling sector is highly skilled at identifying waste with a potential value, and locating customers within certain markets (Nzeadibe, 2009). The composition of solid waste produced, and therefore available to recycle, depends on dietary habits, culture/traditions, lifestyle, climate and income status of the community where the waste is produced (Damghani et al., 2008). The recyclable materials most frequently targeted are plastic, paper and cardboard, metal scrap (aluminium, steel, tin), glass, PET bottles, rubber, wood and textiles.
The level of earning generated depends upon the degree of the waste that can be recycled. The more the virgin the material the more would be the value of its selling for recycling. So if the waste is directly extracted from the source stations its value would be more than the waste from the dump site.
The sector faces problem regarding the social acceptance by the government as well the public. In the process of collecting the waste this sector also prone to many health risks.
Informal sector plays vital role in segregation and recycling of solid waste and this sector has been working from the long ago. But giving them dignity, identity for their work is always explicit in Indian legislation. In the year 2000, the Municipal Solid Waste (Collection and Handling) Rules mandate urban local body for waste
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