The Weimar Republic Failed As A Result Of Many Significant And Underlying Factors

1619 WordsNov 30, 20147 Pages
The Weimar Republic failed as a result of many significant and underlying factors. The problems included politics, economics, and the popularity of the Nazis along with the effect of the Great Depression. However, besides all these faults that appeared after the establishment of Germany’s first Democracy, Weimar was handicapped from the beginning due to the effects of the First World War. Alongside the repercussions of the war, the Treaty of Versailles further lowered the chance of success for the Weimar Republic. The German President, Friedrich Ebert, and his socialist government faced numerable problems. They were well renowned by the public for having stabbed Germany in the back by signing the Armistice and agreeing defeat in WW1. By fully accepting the ‘War Guilt’ clause, Germany was made responsible for paying £6,600 million pounds worth of reparations in 1919. Majority of the money was in compensation to the France for the extensive damage to their country. In the previous year 1918, the national income was roughly one third of what it had been in 1913, and so paying reparations; equivalent to 2% of the countries wealth, was a financially huge strain. Ebert was torn as to what to do. Extreme nationalists like the Nazi Party refused to acknowledge Germany’s responsibility and saw these payments as a form of slavery. This is a result of the ‘stab in the back myth’ held by many right-wing nationalists. On the contrary many Germans believed to get the country back on
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