The West : A History, Volume 2, And Power

1611 WordsApr 3, 20177 Pages
Merriam-Webster defines government as, “the act or process of governing; specifically: authoritative direction or control” and power as the, “ability to act or produce an effect.” In Europe 1715-1914 governmental power shifted and changed multiple times. Thomas Paine 's critique of absolutism illustrated best the mutation of governmental power from 1715-1914 through his presage of future successful governments, such as Great Britain and France, who continued to procure thriving economies after modifying their governing bodies by decentralizing power from monarchs to representative governments. To begin, it is important to understand the distinctions between these political thinkers and their ideologies. Between 1715 and 1914 the…show more content…
Communism is a, “socialist movement that advocates the destruction of capitalism and the development of a new classless society of freedom,” (Backman, G-4). Accordingly, the governing power lies in a single party encompassing all citizens who have common ownership in land, and equal opportunity to benefits that eliminates the state as a whole. In Marx’s writing he expounds on his opinion that, “the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles” (Marx, sec. 1 par. 1). To abrogate these struggles, Marx proposes a set of demands including but not limited to: a progressive income tax, elimination private property, and free public education, which he believes would generate a classless society (Marx, sec. 2). In simplest terms, Marx’s theory was a utopian society in which the state provides for the needs of all of its subjects equally. Marx’s theory is superior to absolutism in its desire is to provide for its subjects, however, is an unattainable reality that exists outside the bounds of human nature. Between the times of Machiavelli and Marx, is political theorist Thomas Paine, the writer of the 1776 pamphlet, Common Sense. Democracy is a form of government that allows for its citizens to participate in the governance of the state (Backman, G-5). Thus, in a democratic society government power lies with the people who are

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