The Widespread Adoption of Zero and Conservation Tillage Technology in Canada

2929 Words 12 Pages
INTRODUCTION
In Canada, rural population has declined significantly in the last 160 years from about 88% share in 1851 to about 18% share in 2011 (Statistics Canada, 2012). In 2011, the rural population was about 6.3 million which is about 18.8 % of the entire population (33,476,688) at that time. The shift from agriculture to industrialization has been identified as one of the factors contributing to decline in rural population in Canada (Statistics Canada, 2013).
The advent of Industrialization has supported the evolutionary change in agricultural practices. Generally, agricultural practices in Canada have evolved from labour intensive to capital intensive. With the use of agricultural equipment, one person can perform activities previously performed by several people. The use of agricultural machinery has improved the farmer’s efficiency and has created time for other activities. In order to achieve economies of scale with the use of mechanized farm equipment, large farm size is required. This has led to the consolidation of smaller farms into larger ones and hence the release of labour from agriculture to other sectors of the economy. Farm size in Canada has increased by 6.9% between 2006 and 2011, while the total number of farms has decreased by 10.3% between 2006 and 2011 (Statistics Canada, 2012). In order to secure a better living standard, most of the labour released from farming activities motivated by mechanization, out-migrate from rural to urban areas as…