The Women 's Suffrage Movement

1535 WordsNov 8, 20157 Pages
On August 18, 1920 the Nineteenth Amendment, which prohibited any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote on the basis of sex, was ratified. This amendment represented nearly eighty years of struggle for American suffragists. Throughout this arduous journey the suffrage movement evolved alongside the women who embodied it, each generation splintering into moderate and radical factions. Since its founding in 1890, the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) had been the leading women’s suffrage organization. However in 1916, growing disillusioned with NAWSA’s moderate style and political theory, Alice Paul and Lucy Burns broke away and formed their own coalition: the National Woman’s Party. It is the purpose of this paper to illustrate that these two organizations, while different in political tactics, were equally effective in securing suffrage for women due to the combination of their independent activities. In order to examine the actions of the NAWSA and the NWP it is important to understand their individual origins. NAWSA, the largest suffrage organization in the United States, was formed in 1890 by the merging of two rival suffrage groups, the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) and the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA). Elizabeth Cady Stanton, founder of the NWSA alongside Susan B. Anthony, spoke at the first women’s rights convention at Seneca Falls, New York and declared “We are assembled to protest against a form

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