The Work Of Dock And Wald Raised Public Health

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At Henry Street, the nurses resided within the community; therefore, they too experienced the community’s public health problems. In addition, being part of the community enabled them to provide immediate interventions and education on universal precautions. Subsequently, children were less sick and attended school regularly. Infection control was proven to be effective in lowering the infant and children mortality rates. In 1914, Henry Street’s records indicated, community nurses treated a total of 3,535 cases of pneumonia, including children and adults (Lewenson, 1996, p. 103). The work of Dock and Wald raised public awareness regarding the benefits of public health nursing and the increasing need for additional community nurses. There was a dramatic increase in public health nurses at a rate of 1,413 nurses in 1909 to 15,865 nurses in 1933 (Lewenson, 1996, p. 104). Dock, along with Wald, Mary Gardner and Mary Brewster “advocated a new national nursing organization to address public health issues and found leadership of both the Superintendents’ Society and the American Nurses Associations supported the formation of a fourth nursing organization” (Lewenson, 1996, p. 105). With established partnerships and constituencies, advancements of the nursing profession, better understanding of medications and disease processes, Dock and other influential nurses were able to improve health access, patient outcomes and transfer new knowledge and ideas to individuals and their

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