The Workplace Conditions And Safety Climate Related Programmes

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The workplace conditions and safety climate related-programmes, especially in emerging industrial countries, are remained poorly neglected (Bosak, Coetsee, & Cullinane, 2013) . For instance, Indonesia as an emerging country has three major issues regarding safety climate, including labour market, security and quality of the working environment issues, such as poorly paid salary and wages, long working hours, accidents, etc. (OECD, 2014). In fact, Jamsostek (2013) reports that work accidents in Indonesia has been increasing to one point seventy six percent per year (p.82). For example, in 2013 there were 103.285 accidents or 283 accidents per day with a total claim of 563.44b rupiah or equivalent to US$ 56.344m (Jamsostek, 2013, p. 110).…show more content…
Accordingly, employee’s safety issue is not only related to physical factor but also psychological factors. Hence, it may argue that working environments may relate to psychological safety of the employees (Law, Dollard, Tuckey, & Dormann, 2011). Furthermore, several authors have argued that psychological safety of the employees may have an impact on other factors, such as employee’s efficacy (Al-Refaie, 2013; Chen & Chen, 2014; Christian, Bradley, Wallace, & Burke, 2009) and performance (Baer & Frese, 2003; A. Carmeli & Gittell, 2009; Edmondson, 1999). For example, when an employee has got unsafe condition at work psychologically, it will affect his/her self-confidence to perform the job effectively and indeed, it may affect the performance of the company. Hence, it may argue that these three factors (i.e. psychological safety, self-efficacy and performance) are related. Although there has been increasing focus on studying Psychological safety (Amponsah-Tawiah et al., 2013; Brown & Leigh, 1996; Edmondson, 1999; Kahn, 1990; May, Gilson, & Harter, 2004; Tynan, 2005), self-efficacy (Bandura, 1982; Elias, Barney, & Bishop, 2013; Jones, 1986; Riggs & Knight, 1994; Wang, Tsai, & Tsai, 2014) and organisational performance (Abraham Carmeli & Tishler, 2004; Meglio & Risberg, 2011) albeit disjointedly, however, a number of questions about the
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