The World And Caution Of The Arab World

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As the Ottoman Empire’s fall drew closer, the concept of Arab representation and its manifestation as both a valid state and successor rose as a strong candidate towards a new rule. However, the Arab world is faced with two distinctive parties that wish to establish their own set of rules of national identity. The first party belongs to the Pan-Arab movement that wishes to unite all the Arab people from the farthest east to its west of the Arabic speaking world. Meanwhile, the second party involves advocates of separate national identities that are distinguishable between each nation instead of one solid nationalist vision. Both parties contain an argument as to what is the most beneficial towards the Middle Eastern and North African region. With Pan-Arab leaders, such as the Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party’s Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Din al-Bitar, advocating a strong anti-imperialist sentiment in the face of European involvement in the Arab world and caution of the Ottomans’ gruesome history repeating. Additionally, Pan-Arab nationalism and socialism was advocated by prominent leader Gamal Abdel Nasser. On the other hand, prominent state nationalists that wanted their own independent countries to rise came forward with leaders such as Lebanese intellectuals like George Samné and Antoun Saadeh, who recognized the sovereignty of their own Syrian statehood and defied the concept of a more group inclusive ideal.
To begin with the Pan-Arab parties’ movements and their push towards
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