The World Of The 21st Century

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At the start of the 21st century, for the first time, the global population of cities outnumbered the rural population. In 1950, there were a mere fifty cities with a population of over one million; today there are over five hundred. By 2020, rural populations will cease to increase and virtually all population growth will be in urban centers, expected to peak around ten billion over the next thirty years. In the past, we had seen rapid growth in European and American cities like London in the early 20th century. Today, however, the growth in Third World cities dwarfs the growth we 've seen in the past; London had seen its greatest population growth from 1800-1910, where it grew seven times larger. Today cities like Dhaka, Kinshasa and…show more content…
Yet with such a high population, Jakarta 's GRP (the equivalent of GDP, but for regions instead of countries) is one-fifth that of New York City, now ninth in population with over 10 million fewer inhabitants than Jakarta. A more recent look at the top ten economically powerful cities and only two of the ten have changed in the last decade - San Fransico and Boston (citylab). Looking at the facts presently a decade later helps to further Davis ' argument. For a long time, it was assumed that the larger the city was in terms of population, the larger the opportunity was there for its inhabitants. It has never been more apparent than today that that is no longer the case. Consequently, in just ten years, the world population has risen so greatly that half of the top ten world populations were replaced - yet the top GDPs have gone largely unchanged. During the Industrial Revolution, the rapid growth of cities made sense because of a rapid increase in financial opportunity. Many sociologists expected for this trend to also continue in the opposite direction - meaning that as average wages drop and cities enter recession urban migration would either drastically slow down or even reverse. This is not the case currently, however, as Nigel Harris states, "for low-income countries , a significant fall in urban incomes may not necessarily produce in the short term a
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