The World Population Is Evolving Ageing And Cognitive Impairment ( Ci ) Is A Fast Growing Problem

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Maintaining productivity beyond 60 years old depends, in large part, on maintaining a level of cognitive ability that allows a person to continue to interact effectively and appropriately with the environment. Cognitive decline is becoming a more prevalent, frightening, and expensive personal and social problem – but a problem that companies can more effectively address with innovative products and services. The world population is rapidly ageing and cognitive impairment (CI) is a fast growing problem Cognition is the integration of mental functions such as attention, memory, producing and understanding language and communication, learning, reasoning, problem solving, and decision making in order to process an adaptive behavioral…show more content…
The fear of one day developing dementia is growing, with good reason, as deaths from AD have risen by 66% in the past few years - making it the sixth leading cause of death in the USA (Alzheimer’s Association 2011 facts and figure reports). Cognitive Decline is not a disease but a syndrome related to many lifestyle and health influences As the brain ages it becomes less efficient and less functionally effective thus impairing every aspect of cognition. This is a result of the accumulation of deterioration that leads to the loss of neuronal integrity and ultimately noticeable impaired cognitive functions. It is now well established that oxidative stress is a key risk factor in the etiology of cognitive dysfunctions. The brain is very sensitive to free-radical oxidative damage because of its high consumption of oxygen and its high concentration of lipids that are prone to oxidation. This rate of damage accumulation depends upon the level of exposure to many biological and psychological risks factors. For example: Inflammation; hormonal imbalance; insulin resistance; anxiety; depression; and lack of stimulation and social interaction are all implicated in the rate of long term CD. Key facts Cognitive impairment is a syndrome in which there is deterioration in memory, thinking, behavior and the ability to perform everyday activities. Although cognitive impairment mainly affects older people, it is not a normal result of ageing. Worldwide, 35.6
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