Essay on The World Trade Organization

579 Words 3 Pages
World Trade Organization (WTO)

     The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business. The World Trade Organization came into being in 1995. One of the youngest of the international organizations, the WTO is the successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) established in the wake of the Second World War. The World Trade Organization exists to ensure that trade between nations flows as smoothly, predictably and freely as possible. It provides and regulates the legal issues which governs world trade now .
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From Albania to Zimbabwe, many countries have become involved in the World Trade Organization over the years. Any state or customs territory having full autonomy in the conduct of its trade policies may become a member of the WTO, but all WTO members must agree on the terms. This is done through the establishment of a working party of WTO members and through a process of negotiations. All members have joined the system as a result of negotiation and the membership means a balance of rights and obligations. They like the ideas that other members give to them and the security that the trading rules give in. In return, they had to make understandings to open the markets and to go by the all the rules. Those commitments were the outcome of the membership decisions. Countries going through membership are WTO observers. Article XII of the WTO Agreement says that joining to the WTO will be on terms to be agreed between the government and the WTO. Joining the WTO is a process of negotiation, slightly different from the process of joining other international trades.
     On January 1, 1995, the WTO replaced GATT, which had been in existence since 1947, as the organization controlling the main trading system. The governments that had signed GATT were then called GATT contracting parties. When signing the new WTO agreements that had the updated GATT, which was called GATT 1994. These countries then