The World War II Era

1410 WordsMar 29, 20176 Pages
The ideology that a specific religious, political, or ethnic group is superior to others, a key trait of totalitarianism, played a role in World War II-era atrocities such as the pogroms against the Jewish community in Germany, the killing of dissidents in the USSR, and the brutal treatment and massacres of the Chinese by the Japanese army. The Nazi ideation espoused by Adolf Hitler, for instance, led to the implementation of various pogroms in Germany attacking those seen as inferior. The ideology, or set of beliefs used to justify the goals of and actions taken by the government, promoted by Hitler was that all “pure” Germans formed a master race called the “Aryan race”. This belief manifested itself in discrimination against the…show more content…
Those in the concentration camps faced brutal treatment from Nazi officials stationed there, abused for even asking questions or speaking out (“Night” reading), and were fed little to no food (Textbook pg. 504). Others were gassed, with so many dead bodies having accumulated after a certain point that the Nazis began incinerating the bodies to create space. By the end of this Holocaust, the population of Jews in Europe had diminished by millions, especially in Poland, where only 15 percent of the population remained (Holocaust Lecture, 3/9). Overall, the horrifying drop in the Jewish population that was caused by the genocide carried out by Adolf Hitler was allowed to unfold thanks to the growing popularity of the ideology that claimed Jews were inferior and that the “Aryan master race” needed to stay pure and in power. With this ideology used to justify the massacring of the “genetically unfit”, it was clearly the root of the atrocities that took place in Nazi Germany. The fervent propagation of Communist Party ideologies such as willingness to share property and total loyalty to the government also led to atrocities being committed under Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union. While a communist government as conceived by Karl Marx involved a “dictatorship of the proletariat”, in which everyone shared power and wealth, by the time Stalin came to power in the
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