The World 's Largest Democracy

3377 Words14 Pages
1. Introduction: Campbell (2014) indicate that the Asia-Pacific region exert an inevitable gravitation pull. It comprise 67% of the world 's population, contains the world 's largest democracy (India), the second and third-largest economies (China and Japan), the most populous Muslim-majority country (Indonesia), and 1/3 of the global economy (Xi, 2014). Asia is an important and irrefutable interest of the United States. Since the second world war, America has been actively and deeply engaged with the region militarily, economically and diplomatically (Betts, 1993). For half a century, the East Asian region has been built around American- led mutual strategies, and has stayed remarkably stable under its regional security order (Ikeneberry, 2004). America has five defense treaty allies in Asia, including Australia, Japan, Philippines, South Koreas and Thailand; as well as strategically important partnership with India, Indonesia, Singapore, Taiwan and etc. (Campbell, 2014). However, Shaplen (2007) points out that after 60 years of US dominance in Asia, the balance of power in the region is gradually shifting from the United States towards China. Today, China 's continuous rise in economic and military power forms the most serious challenge to the United States (Sutter, 2005). Due to the unique characteristic such as being a continental-sized power, having a strategically beneficial location, possessing enormous improve in economy, and speedily acquiring formidable
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