The World's Main Regional Trading Blocs

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3. The World’s main regional trading blocs Middle East and North Africa (MENA): is a regional economic integration bloc that includes the Middle East and North Africa. The population of the MENA region is about 381 million people, about 6% of the total world population. Map 1: Middle East and North Africa geographical map North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): is a regional economic integration bloc that includes the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. NAFTA represents 450 million people producing $17 trillion worth of goods and services. Map 2: North American Free Trade Agreement geographical map The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN): is a regional economic integration bloc that includes 10 countries located in Southeast Asia. The ASEAN represents 620 million people. 4. Regional economic integration: The EU case: Map 3: The European Union geographical map The European Union is considered as a political and economic institution that includes 28 countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. In fact, the creation of the EU has been through the following steps: • The treaty of Paris, 18 April 1951: the establishment of the coal and steel European community ECSC (Belgium, West Germany, France, Italy, Netherlands,

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