The Worldwide Problem of Deforestation

559 WordsJan 28, 20182 Pages
Deforestation is an increasingly prevalent problem worldwide. About half of the forests that once covered the Earth are now gone, much of which has happened in just the past few decades. Forests have been cleared mostly for fuel, building materials, and land for farming. Deforestation has been expanding and accelerating into the little amount of forests that remain across the world. Not only do forests provide useful products, but they also influence the Earth’s climate and are home to a remarkable amount of biological diversity. Deforestation has taken a lot of these elements away, and has also led to an increase in carbon dioxide. Without trees to use the increasing amounts of carbon dioxide put out by humans, the carbon dioxide simply remains in the atmosphere. Until recently, most of the deforestation happened in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. In the last few decades though, the majority of deforestation has occurred in the tropics. It is estimated that “Latin America and Asia have already lost 40% of their original forest” (University of Michigan). In most of these countries, deforestation is also accelerating. There are many causes for deforestation, including population pressure, social and political forces, and profits. The increasing need for palm oil in today’s world accounts for much of the deforestation occurring in many tropical countries such as Indonesia. Palm oil is extremely versatile and is used in cooking, cosmetics, and biofuels. Palm oil

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