The Wretched of the Earth is a fantastic book about the colonization in Algeria and Africa in general, the process of decolonization, and some of the psychological effects it has on its victims. This book has its good attributes and then it has some very interesting attributes that will be discussed in this paper, section by section. It was a very enjoyable book that made me think about colonization and decolonization in a very different light. The first section of the book was about violence.
Wretched of the Earth by Frantz Fanon explores the roles of violence, class, and political organization in the process of decolonization. Within a Marxist framework, Fanon theorizes and prophesizes the successes and failures of independence movements within colonized nations. He exalts the proletariat as a revolutionary class that is first to realize the necessity of violence in the removal of colonial regimes. Yet the accomplishment and disappointments of the proletariat are at the hand of men.
movement, addressed their ideologies on the relationship between European colonists and colonial states, and their views on the process of gaining national freedom. Nevertheless, as Fanon defined in the article “On Violence” from his book “The Wretched of the Earth”, decolonization is a historical process which can only be understood and self coherent under certain history background. Hence, since they were in different colonial situations, their perspectives vary. As for Fanon and Césaire, European colonizers
who am I?" (The Wretched of the Earth 250) For Fanon, therefore, colonialism is fundamentally a violent situation since "the stage is set in motion between two kinds of interests--the interest of the colonizer and the interest of the colonized" (Gordon 77). As a result, Fanon insists that decolonization entails a violent struggle between two parties since decolonization is "the replacing of a certain 'species ' of men by another 'species of men" (The Wretched of the Earth 35). In other words
The native intellectual’s alliance with the lumpenproletariat. In Fanon’s, The Wretched of the Earth, he sees the Native Intellectual as aggressive for command, nonviolent, a modern voice, and strategic. “The native intellectual has clothed his aggressiveness in his barely veiled desire to assimilate himself to the colonial world. He used his aggressiveness to serve his own individual interests,” (60). Here, Fanon emphasizes the native intellectual’s aggressiveness for power. He has hid his
but to name a few . The beginning of this mutualistic relationship between “New Left” groups on different continents (which spawned the revolutionary feeling which would result in the events of 1968), can be seen in Frantz Fanon’s text The Wretched of the Earth; most importantly with regards to the growth of Third Worldism and its inevitable impact on the West. The first chapter of his book Concerning Violence, on display here in the “Third World” section of the exhibition, became a sort of revolutionary
of events), nor does a rough or sorrowful mind do any good. Thus those eager for glory often keep secure dreary thoughts in their breast; So I, often wretched and sorrowful, bereft of my homeland, far from noble kinsmen, have had to bind in fetters my inmost thoughts. Since long years ago I hid my lord in the darkness of the earth, and I, wretched, from there travelled most sorrowfully over the frozen waves, sought, sad at the lack of a hall, a giver of treasure, where I, far or near, might find
“…man without God is totally ignorant and inevitably wretched” (22). In other words, we would never know what is good and evil without having God, because without God, we are unaware and ultimately evil. Pascal writes that we can only learn from God; therefore, we can never truly understand who we are unless we believe in God. Because Pascal says that man is wretched without God, he argues that, “Man’s greatness lies in knowing himself to be wretched” (32). In knowing we are born with both original
Dream of the Rood and The Wanderer maintain opposed perspectives that greatly influence the way they view their common state of desolation. The dreamer and the Cross in Dream of the Rood embrace a religious ideology that gives them hope, whereas the earth-walker in The Wanderer embraces an existential view that leaves him to suffer his loneliness. The characters' differing outlooks greatly influence how they view their exile, their ultimate destination, and the journey to this destination, their "homecoming
god wanted then to occupy all lands and spread the word of god to savages of darker skin color. Fanon joined the Algerian Nationalist Movement when the Algeria was being colonized be the French. Many examples of violence written of in The Wretched of the Earth were taken from the struggle for independence in Algeria. Also the writing is sympathetic towards colonized natives. Fanon claims decolonization causes violent actions from both settlers and natives and creates intolerant views toward the