The Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR) is the latest evolution of GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy 's proven advanced Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) technology. This simplified design provides better safety and plant security, a broad seismic design envelope, greater economy, and operational flexibility. The ESBWR is the safest current nuclear plant design, exceeding U.S. safety standards 100-fold and produces nearly zero greenhouse gas emissions.
Mother Nature gave us natural resources to patronize and natural gas is one of them. Small quantities of ethane, propane, butane and pentane are found in the natural gas composition but it is mostly made up of methane. The high volume of pipeline gas makes it difficult for it to be transported in its gaseous form. This is the reason why the oil industry is dominating because of how easy it can be transported. Pipelines are suitable for transporting pipeline natural gas but constructing the suitable infrastructure is very expensive and not technically feasible for global transportation.1 In addition, for you to be able to make it in the gas industry you need trading partners to buy your natural gas. Having said that, one can deduce that the only way to make a
I will build upon the technical writing skills I learned in junior lab to write the assignments in this course. Knowledge from fluids, heat and mass, separations, reactors, and thermodynamics will all be used to design chemical processes. The basic box and arrow diagrams that were first learned in CHE211 will be expanded in this course to develop process flow diagrams. These skills will be used to meet the instructor’s goals of using compositions and flows to determine process equipment size, its corresponding cost, flow diagrams, and how to synthesize the
3. Liss, William. "Demand Outlook: A Golden Age of Natural Gas." Chemical Engineering Progress 108.8 (2012): 35-40. ProQuest.Web. Available at: <http://search.proquest.com/docview/1034899165?pq-origsite=summon>. Date accessed: 1 Nov. 2014.
Over the years Brownsville, Texas has been in the process of industrializing and coming up with ideas to do so. Recently, Brownsville has proposed to build a Liquefied natural gas, “(LNG) is natural gas (predominantly methane, CH4) that has been converted to liquid form for ease of storage or transport” (Project).
Conservation of Mass and Energy are the hallmarks of our natural world, and as we progress as a civilization there is an ever increasing need to satisfy our growing demand for energy. This leads to the present need for more innovative solutions that are able to solve the world 's energy needs within the confines of the natural laws we live with. The Earth 's petrochemical reserves represent a finite amount of available, extractable, energy that mankind is able to harvest. In order to continue meeting the need for our civilization to thrive, or at the least, maintain, itself; we have to continue, as chemical engineers, providing new and novel ways to support the world with ways to implement Mass and Energy transportation. The main issue at hand is that newer, sustainable, energy is needed.
The United States currently has the realistic capability of meeting roughly 64 percent of its gas demand with alternative fuels. This plan of alternative fuels relies mostly on BioDiesel from algae, while also utilizing ethanol from corn. As for the other 36 percent of our demand, we can rely on our own crude oil production by utilizing natural gas (CNG). A great attribute of all of these fuel sources is that they can be distributed
Economic benefits of the natural gas industry are intimately tied to the market price of natural gas – which historically, has demonstrated high volatility. Recently the price for oil and gas has plummeted. While natural gas supplies steadily accumulated in the US, Canada’s main export market, decreasing revenue and profits. This has resulted in consolidation of oil and gas companies, loss in jobs, and delay/cancelling of new projects (e.g., LNG projects on BC’s coast). Given this financial context, the Canadian gas industry needs to streamline their operations (i.e., increase efficiency and productivity) and explore alternative markets by, perhaps, moving methane up the value chain and creating value-added products (i.e., petrochemicals).
The Cost Analysis for Decision Making project is intended to be a comprehensive evaluation of the key objectives covered throughout this course. It will challenge you to apply your knowledge of cost information when evaluating the decision to make or buy a product. Please use this outline and grading rubric as a guide to completing your course project. It provides specific details of the required elements of the project, and it will be used by your instructor as a grading guide.
The United States is currently the second-highest energy consumer in the world (Duke 2015.) As the need for energy grows, the need for a clean energy source becomes more urgent. Natural gas, which makes up 24% of the world’s energy source, is promoted as a cleaner energy alternative. Of course, there are pros and cons to this source.
To solve the rigorous threat to earth from global warming, bio-fuels serve as the most feasible source of energy all over the world. The environmental and economical performance of bio-fuel as compared to fossil fuel was analyzed by full Life Cycle Analyses (LCA) in Spain. The Spanish government CIEMAT, carried out two LCA’s so as to compare ethanol-ethanol mixtures with gasoline, and biodiesel-biodiesel mixtures with fuel oil according to ISO 14040-43 standards, these standards evaluate energy and mass balance for two or more objects. It was concluded that carbon dioxide emission during utilization of bio-fuel are lower than fossil fuel and bio-fuel requires less primary energy to be processed than fossil fuels. Bob Dinneen, President and CEO of the Renewable Fuels Association submitted the letter to the editor of The Gazette in which he marked that “On an environmental level, conventional ethanol is reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 34% compared to petroleum, including hypothetical land use change emissions” (qtd. in renewable fuel association). As the raw material for
GreatPoint Energy specializes in producing of clean and low cost natural gas using coal, petroleum coke and biomass. GreatPoint energy (GPE) has developed a catalytic hydromethanation process known as bluegas™ which is used for this conversion process. GreatPoint Energy prides themselves for their highly efficient, and environmentally safe product. Even more fascinating is that the natural gas produced is interchangeable with drilled gas and there is no need for extra infrastructure development if there is a natural gas infrastructure already in place. The opportunity for this company to expand globally is extremely viable for that is provides a very cheap, and eco-friendly product. Coal can be found all over the world , however it is a very unclean energy source and the future of our environment depends on expansion towards cleaner methods.
After the first discovery of GHs in 1810, GHs have been considered a scientific curiosity since the process converts liquid water and gas guest into a solid. It was not until the 20th century that the importance of GHs was recognized by the industry. GHs have attracted the interest of researchers due to the fact that the pipelines were regularly blocked by GHs formation. Therefore, the majority of the focus for many researchers
Fresh methanol, Stream 1, is combined with recycled reactant, Stream 14, and vaporized prior to being sent to a fixed bed reactor operating between 250C and 368C. The single pass conversion of methanol in the reactor is 80%. The reactor effluent, Stream 7, is then cooled prior to being sent to the first of two distillation columns, T-201 and T-202. DME product is taken overhead from the first column. The second column separates the water from the unused methanol. The methanol is recycled back to the front end of the process, while the water is sent to waste water treatment to remove trace amounts of organic compounds.