The Year Recovery And Reinvestment Act

2483 WordsMar 2, 201510 Pages
As part of the 2009 Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the Obama Administration secured $4.35 billion to encourage state-led education reforms known as the Blueprint for Reform. The Blueprint for Reform was a proposal to change the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which was first established in 1965 (Rochefort and Donnelly, 2011, p4). In 2002, President George W. Bush‘s made changes to the Act by introducing his education reform plan, No Child Left Behind (NCLB). Obama‘s Blueprint for Reform proposal involves changing NCLB as well as encourage the adoption of college and career-ready student education standards (Rochefort and Donnelly, 2011, p4). One of the educational programs of the Blueprint of Reform is the Race to the Top program. The Race to the Top program was “a highly competitive federal grant program… [where states would identify] their persistently lowest-performing schools based on student academic achievement, student growth, and graduation rates, and begin the process of turning them around,” (Rochefort and Donnelly, 2011, p3). Those districts or cities interested in applying for the grant money, “would be required to implement one of four ―school turnaround models, the specific choice to be made by local administrators,” (Rochefort and Donnelly, 2011, p3). The four models are as follows: • “The transformation model requires replacement of the school principal, strengthening of staffing, implementation of a research-based instructional program and new
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