The Yom Kippur War

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The Yom Kippur War also demonstrated that the Arabs could also hurt Israel’s Western allies too (Ross, 1996, p. 47). Arabs states put an embargo on oil to the United States and Western Europe (Ross, 1996, p.47). There was a new weapon that could be used to draw the attention of the superpowers to the conflict. Oil had a devastating effect when its prices were doubled and its production was cut into half causing world-wide economic and political problems (Ross, 1996, p. 67). The United States began to place pressure on the Israel to make concessions with Arabs (Blumberg, 1998, p.123).

In 1976, Israeli Prime minister Yitzhak Rabin ordered invasions of Arabic nations. These invasions led to the rescue of several Israeli hostages who were hijacked by Palestinian terrorists in Entebbe, Uganda (Blumberg, 1998, p.127). The first Arab leader to visit Israel was Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in 1977. Sadat joined Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and United States President Jimmy Carter in 1978 to sign the Camp David Accords. Under the Camp David Accords Egypt recognized Israel’s existence. Israel in return would agree to give back the part of the Sinai Peninsula it still occupied. Sadat and Begin also agreed that there was a need for independence for Palestinians. This was significant as it was the first time an Arab country would sign a peace treaty with Israel. The Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty was signed in Washington D.C., which was to end thirty years of hostility
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