The birth of Hezbollah from the ruins of the Amal movement
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• The birth of Hezbollah from the ruins of the Amal movement
When the Iranian Revolution succeeded in 1979, Iran wanted to gain the admiration and the support of Arab countries, benefiting in particular from the support by the Shah of Iran and his relationship with Israel before the collapse of his regime. On this very first day of the victory of the revolution, Iran was keen to extend its bonds with the Islamic world, and when this was not possible in most cases, because of many complex causes of the revolution, Iran began to look for «organizations» instead of «regime’s or countries», in order to continue its role in Islamic issues. Iran was keen to show that this role was one of the foundations of the revolution and its beliefs, in…show more content… These two organization were not confined to the Lebanese only, as they were joined by Iranians including Mustafa Chamran living in Lebanon before the Iranian revolution, and it was Musa al-Sadr's top aides and the supervisor military branches of the Amal movement, before the outbreak of the Iranian revolution. After the success of the Khomeini revolution Chamran was appointed first secretary of defence in the Iranian government.
A key decision- maker in Syria during that period, and a direct witness, Abdul-Halim Khaddam, a former Syrian vice President of Hafez Assad, who spoke to the «Middle East» for that period, saying: «before the Iranian revolution in 1979, Syria had relations with the people who were preparing for the Iranian revolution of Khomeini's group via Musa al-Sadr. Musa al-Sadr was a friend and one of Khomeini's groups.
Al Sadr's relationship with the leadership in the Iranian revolution at the time indicated that the activists preparing for the revolution were not the clergy only but included the intellectuals of the national trends, liberal and Islamic nationalism, in addition to students and academics. In other words, the activists did not have a purely religious nature against the Shah of Iran, to the extent that the United States thought that the liberal trend in the Iranian revolution led by Shahbuur Bakhtiar (National Front leader, one of the main currents of the Iranian revolution), and Ibrahim Yazdi (the first