‘The decentralisation of retailing and other services has had a major impact on urban areas.’ To what extent do you agree with this statement? (40)

1491 Words Apr 24th, 2014 6 Pages
In the 1950s and 1960s shops selling high-order goods, like furniture and jewellery, were in the town and city centres, which attracted customers from a wide catchment area. Shops selling low-order goods, like food, were located in the local neighbourhoods. However, this traditional shopping pattern began to change in the 1970s, when shops like supermarkets and DIY stores began to move to the outskirts of towns by decentralisation. Although it is obvious that the decentralisation of retailing and other services has had a major impact on urban areas, the impacts have been negative, positive or neutral.
There are a number of reasons for the growth in out of town retailing. Firstly, increased car ownership has meant that many more people
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For example, Bluewater in Kent is built in a former quarry. This redevelopment of brownfield sites can often help to regenerate an area. In city centres, positive impacts include local councils and the government investing money into improving the city centre, in order to attract customers back. Some of these improvements may include creating new pedestrian zones, renovating older shopping malls and organising events. Also, pollution and congestion may decrease as fewer people drive to the city centre to shop. These positive impacts may lead people to believe that the decentralisation of retailing and other services has had a major positive impact on urban areas.
The Trafford Centre opened in 1998. It was built on a brownfield site in the industrial area of Trafford Park, 5 miles west of Manchester. The site covers 150 acres and cost £600,000 to complete. The Trafford Centre has the largest catchment area of any shopping centre in the UK, with over 5.3 million people living within a 45 minute drive. The Centre is popular for a number of reasons. Firstly, the Trafford Centre has over 200 shops, a 1600 seat food court, a 20 screen cinema, crazy golf and ten pin bowling. In addition to this, it is well connected by road, being very close to the M60 for customers coming from outside of Manchester, and the M602 into the city centre. There are also many buses that go direct from Manchester to the Trafford Centre.

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