Essay about The effects of pain on the mind and body

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The Effects of Pain on the Mind and Body

Elements of pain and despair are evident in many works of Emily Dickinson, and are present in her poem, "After Great Pain, A Formal Feeling Comes-." Dickinson's simple language draws rich meaning from the use of common words. She uses words associated with the body, with nature, with the mind, as well with physical death, to shape and articulate its sensation and significance. She approached her poetry inductively, combining words to arrive at a conclusion that the pattern of the words suggested. Dickinson's theme of the experience of pain and grief in this poem are developed through her subtle use of such elements of poetry as diction, personification,
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In the last line Dickinson uses the word "Chill-" to connote the coldness of the body when someone is in despair or when someone is dead (13).
Dickinson uses personification to great effect by giving life like human qualities to the organs in the body. One example of personification is when she says, "The nerves sit ceremonious, like Tombs-" (2). The nerves are personified, they "sit ceremonious", which means; "they are stiff in manner, not warm or relaxed". Dickinson uses this personification of the nerves to describe to us the physical state of someone that is in great pain or grief. Next we see, "The stiff Heart questions was it He, that bore, / And Yesterday, or Centuries before?", a personification of the heart (3,4). Stiff is another definition for formal, which specifically denotes a lack of feeling. The heart can no longer tell how much time has elapsed between its present condition and when the great pain occurred.
Metaphors and similes are used throughout this poem to give the reader an understanding of the nature of pain itself. When "He" is capitalized in western culture it is a reference to Jesus Christ. When Dickinson says, "was it He, that bore, / And Yesterday, or Centuries before?", she is comparing the suffering with the pain of the voice of the poem to the pain of Christ (3,4). The pain of the sufferer

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