The era of Communist China and the Cultural Revolution

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The era of Communist China and the Cultural Revolution (1949-1976) marked a significant period in the history of China. Ongoing conflict between the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the Nationalist Party, Kuomintang (KMT), led to the Chinese Civil War (1945-1949). In 1949, the CPC, who allied closely with the Soviet Union, defeated the Nationalist Party and took control of mainland China. CPC’s leader Mao Zedong established the People’s Republic of China which is also commonly known today as Communist China (“History of China”). Mao Zedong and the CPC supported socialism and Marxism-Leninist theories. Mao realized the need for social reconstruction and adopted the Soviet model for development. Despite the technical and economic problems…show more content…
Mao requested that films should serve politics and be accessible to workers, peasants and soldiers (Lim and Ward 88). He sought films to represent class struggle and coincide with major dates in China’s recent history so that larger audiences could become more educated and also identify with and join forces with his revolutionary spirit. In an effort to promote industrialization, factories, mines, villages and military camps replaced domestic, private and personal spaces as preferred settings. Films dramatized ideological conflicts as black-and-white and in correlation with purely good and bad characters and typically ended in triumph of public over private in order to instill a sense of “contributing directly to the revolutionary war or socialist construction” (Zhang 203). The CPC used film as a way of demonstrating the attractiveness of its culture. A major breakthrough occurred in 1956 when Mao announced a new policy to terminate the Film Bureau’s centralized control of screenplay production and allow studios and writers to produce their own. This relaxed the number of regulations filmmakers had to follow and expanded the subject matter that could be portrayed. For example, Xie Jin’s Woman Basketball Player No. 5

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