The following questions relates to the patient within the first 24 hours 1. Outline the causes,

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The following questions relates to the patient within the first 24 hours
1. Outline the causes, incidence and risk factors of the identified disease and how it can impact on the patient and family (450 words)

This case study is about Abdul Chidiac, a 51 year old male, married with 4 children. He had a medical history of hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia and cirrhosis with two admissions in the last six months. He is a smoker and drinks beer, 5-6 bottles per day. As Carithers & McClain (2010) explained the patient’s medical history is another indicator of the risk for cirrhosis; the progression to cirrhosis is adaptable and may take time over weeks or many years. Cirrhosis is a liver disease characterized by permanent scarring of the
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The reason of weight loss like nine kilos is attributed to his lack of appetite (Du, Pan, & Li, 2010). Liver damage has intense and disturbing effects on metabolism of all nutrients like malnutrition which is common among with patients with cirrhosis that also affects major impairment in their social, occupational functioning and behavioral and psychological changes (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism [NIAAA], 2005).
Limited physical activity
Loss of mobility will affect his job and families’ financial needs. A client with cirrhosis usually experiences severe fatigue, lack of energy and respiratory problems (Dirksen, Lewis, Heitkemper, & Bucher, 2011). As agreed by Wood and Garner (2012) drowsiness, confusion, and tiredness are associated features of respiratory problems, while the numbness of his legs and feet, lightheadedness and mood fainting is controlled by the nervous system. Patients with chronic liver disease frequently experience neurological problems due to the connection between the brain and the liver function (Dirksen et al., 2011); these problems will have a major impact in his daily activity and the possibility of losing his job.
Psychosocial problem related to loss of body image
Psychosocial problem is an example of liver cirrhosis that Mr. Abdul is presently experiencing which is linked to malnutrition (Dudek, 2010). Currently he is having jaundiced sclera, bruises on both arms and legs, oedema on his ankle and

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