The history of St. Peter's Basilica

1226 WordsFeb 18, 20185 Pages
The history of St. Peter's Basilica began in the fourth century when Emperor Constantine decided to build a major basilica in the place where he was buried the Apostle, a Christian burial located on the Vatican Hill, where there was a memorial to the second century , and had become a place of pilgrimage for the faithful. The date was decided and construction work began is not determined exactly but it's somewhere between the years 319 and 324; for 329 the basilica was finished. The main altar of the basilica was located at the intersection opposite the largest and exactly on the place of the tomb of the ship "Prince of the Apostles" . The church, as was customary for several temples of the time, was simultaneously venue for worship, covered cemetery and funeral banquet room (pagan funerary custom that lived during the early centuries of Christianity). During the High Middle Ages was the main pilgrimage site in the West (at least until the beginning of the ninth century that the tomb of St. James in Compostela discovered) and multitudes of pilgrims attending the trades in spacious five ships of 119 m long and 64 m wide. Archaeological excavations carried out under the present basilica and descriptions, drawings, paintings and prints, give us a pretty good idea as it was the first Vatican Basilica, although many details left to the imagination can get. From the fourth century the popes resided in the Lateran Palace, imperial residence Constantine donated to the church for
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