This voyage departed from Cadiz with a fleet of Spanish ships. The letter states that the ships made their way through the West Indies and got to the province of Central America within about five weeks. This would mean that Amerigo came across Venezuela a year before Christopher Columbus did. Amerigo and his fleets arrived back in Cadiz in October 1498. Then, in May of 1499, Amerigo set off on his second Voyage. Sailing under the spanish flag, Vespucci worked as a navigator under the command of Alonzo de Ojeda. They traveled to the coast of what is know known as Guyana, where it is believed that Vespucci parted ways with Ojeda and went on to explore the coast of Brazil. During this expedition Vespucci is said to have discovered the Amazon River and Cape St. Augustine. On May 14, 1501, Amerigo departed on another journey. Now on his third voyage, Vespucci set sail for Cape Verde. Amerigo’s third voyage is largely considered his most successful. Vespucci did not start on in command of the expedition, but when Portuguese officers asked him to take charge of the voyage he
Many geographers break down Venezuela “four fairly well-defined regions: the Maracaibo lowlands in the northwest, the Northern mountains extending in a broad east-west arc from the Colombian border along the Caribbean Sea, the wide Orinoco plains in central Venezuela, and the highly dissected Guiana highlands in the southeast” (Richard). The Maracaibo lowlands are flat and Lake Maracaibo is located in this region as well. The Northern Mountains are an extension of the famous Andes chain. This region also has many valleys between the ranges and is home to most of the country’s population. The Orinoco Plains start westward from the Caribbean coast and go to the Colombian border between the Northern Mountains and Rio Orinoco. Llanos is what this region is commonly referred as. The Guiana Highlands is one of the oldest landforms found in South America. Due to erosion unusual formations are found in this region; the highlands also
Bolivia and Spain appear to be two very different countries according to their geographies. The task of finding all the differences between the two would be nearly impossible. However, this paper will hopefully shed light on some of the key geographical variances that gives each country its particular culture.
Did you know that Venezuela was one of the first colonies to gain their independence from Spain? At the time Venezuela was a Spanish ruled colony and the people of Venezuela felt that their government was ruling their colony terribly (Adelblue). The people were led by Simon Bolivar, whose nickname was “The Liberator” since he liberated Venezuela and worked with San Martin to liberate most of Northern South America (Adelblue). Venezuela declared their independence in 1810 and finally gained their independence after the Battle of Carabobo in 1821 (Minster). Three symbolic elements of the Venezuelan revolution are used to portray Simon Bolivar, the speech Simon gave to the Second National Congress in 1819 to encourage the type of government he had in mind, and the high taxation that was the main cause of the revolution (Ellis and Esler 705).
For decades, the history of Latin America has been shrouded in a cover of Spanish glory and myth that misleads and complicates the views of historians everywhere. Myths such as the relationship between natives and conquistadors, and the individuality of the conquistadors themselves stand as only a few examples of how this history may have become broken and distorted. However, in Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest Matthew Restall goes to great lengths to dispel these myths and provide a more accurate history of Latin American, in a readable and enjoyable book.
The United States and Venezuela were both once colonies controlled by European Nations. In 1765, The American Revolution took place by the rebellious united 13 colonies against British power. In 1810, The Venezuelan Revolution began with many reasons to go against Spain. Both revolutions had similar reasons such as to become an independent Nation and secure liberal rights. While ideas and perspectives may have differed in 17-1800s, it was about finding peace and prosperity as it did not exist in the colonies. While whites always had the upper hand, during the revolution specific groups of people took over with rebellions and resistances. On the other hand, there were specific reasons to why people resisted and revolted against the leaders in charge. European nations were greeds wanting money and control, their mistreatment were the reasons for the revolution. Both the Venezuelan and American revolution had the catastrophic number. Even though, The American and Venezuelan revolution took place in different time period, there were similar reason for resistance/rebellions in colonies to become an Independent Nation and carry out equality and Freedom.
When Christopher Columbus discovered the coast of Venezuela, he thought he had encountered an earthly paradise, today that grace land is ravaged by famine, inflation, scarcity, violence, social and political conflicts; “social implosion [being] driven by economic collapse, caused by shockingly self-destructive policy making” (Toro, 1). Venezuela’s antidemocratic government and its lack of foresight has created a severe economic crisis crumbling health care system and a lack of basic necessities and is jailing innocent people who object.
The island of Hispaniola was founded by Christopher Columbus in 1842 and claimed for Spain. The island was neglected by its mother country due to the lack of minerals on the island. The French
The Andes consists of the Andes mountain range and the surrounding areas. Each of these regions experienced booms and lulls in the constantly changing silver economy, while simultaneously changing the dynamic of local societies. Despite the differences in the changes that occurred in each region, all three societies were significantly shaped during the 16th and 17th centuries. These changes were also accompanied by continuities of indigenous culture and government adapted to benefit the Spanish colonial rule. Indigenous ways of life would not dissipate easily, much to the apprehension of the rulers of Spanish America. By analyzing the changes and continuities of each region of Spanish America, while also utilizing the effects of ethnic identities, it becomes apparent the drastic changes that the global silver economy had on the societies and culture of not only indigenous people but also Spanish colonist and their black
Since Puerto Rico was first discovered by Christopher Columbus on November 19, 1493, and Spanish colonization ensued in 1508, Puerto Rico has experienced all of these pressures of identity and culture.
Next, leading a small army, he cleared the Magdalena River of enemies, then in February of 1813, he took the Villa de Cucuta and the liberation of Venezuela began in May. However, in May of 1815, Bolivar resigned his command to prevent the outbreak of a civil war due to the authority change and political struggles in Caracas.
Andrien’s book is a historical summary of the Andean region from native people to after the Spanish conquest. It addresses economy, culture, and the importance of religion, as well as power structures. There is an emphasis on the continued existence of indigenous culture despite Spanish involvement for hundreds of years.
Before globalization, Latin America and the Caribbean was isolated from the world and from itself. The indigenous people of Latin America lived in the most remote regions