The impact of the Scientific and the Industrial Revolution

1060 Words4 Pages
From the nineteenth century to the first half of the twentieth century, the world was dramatically transformed by the impact of industrial and scientific revolutions. Those industrialized countries that controlled the power and wealth were looking for huge market to promote the primitive capital accumulation and develop industrialization. In the other side of the world, the East Asian countries, such as China, Korea and Japan were encountering modernization and westernization which was involved by these western countries. Therefore, it is worth to discuss the political, social and economic situations of East Asia and how the fundamental strengths of East Asian civilization turned out to be liabilities that put off their processing or became a more rapid and successful answer to the Western challenge. In the period of eighteenth century, China had enjoyed a living standard equal to Western Europe. As the book A history of East Asia describes, “China actually consumed more sugar per person and produced at least comparable volumes of textiles as Europe at that time.” China probably was still the richest country in the worldwide as the beginning of nineteenth century with such a huge production and population. Until the last part of eighteenth century, China enjoyed a political stability and well-functional social order. After the establishment of Qing Dynasty in the middle of seventeenth century, there was not much diplomatic contact between China and the major Western
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