Legitimacy in accounting practices is ensured by the check and balance of having independent auditors from registered public accountant firms reviewing financial practices. The report features eleven sections and these sections pertain to accounting overview, independence of auditors to reduce interest conflicts, corporate responsibility, financial disclosures, tax returns, criminal fraud and various elements of white collar criminal activity (107th Congress
The factor that plays the greatest role in determining auditor independence is independence in mind. Auditors may or may not appear to be independent, but if the auditor is truly independent in mind, then the auditor can remain objective and unbiased. The profession should consider tightening the Code of Professional Conduct to address the issue of an audit team member knowing a close friend that holds any position at the audit client. If this scenario arises, the firm can still audit the client, but the audit member with the close relationship won’t be able to be on the audit team.
contention. A written employment contract is a binding document between me, as employer, and John, as employee, that establishes the terms of our relationship. In this case, it is
Memo To: Senior Attorney From: Shaimah Hoosein Date: [ 10/19/2010 ] Re: New Client Angela Woodside. Angela Woodside visited our firm on December 18th 2007 and played out her scenario for us so that we can help her resolve this dilemma she has been caught up in. After her meeting, you’ve requested that I address the following six (6) issues with my opinion. Please take a moment to review my research.
Independent audit in turn makes the financial statements more credible and reliable source of information
INTRODUCTION The role of internal audit is to provide independent declaration that an organization’s threatadministration, governance and internal control processes are functioning effectively. Internal auditors deal with concerns that are essentially important to the existence and success of any organization. Unlike external auditors, they aspect beyond financial possibilities and statements to reflect wider problems such as the organization’s reputation, development, its power on the location and the approach it treats its organizations.In summary, internal accountantssupport organizations to thrive.
2Arguments for why auditors should not be allowed to perform these services for the same client include:
Case 34 a. A third-party user cares whether the auditor is independent so that the user could evaluate the credibility of the financial statements and determine whether or not to rely on the financial statements to make investment or business decisions. In addition, through assessing the auditor’s independence, the stakeholders could
A charity organization need internal control to ensure that all the resources are properly utilized to achieve organization goals and varies projects. In order to reduce financial risk such as theft, internal control plays an important role. According to the case, the business process of nonprofit organizations is usually not
2. Responsibilities a. Auditors having the appropriate competence and capabilities to perform the audit, and follow ethical requirements, and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit.
Accounting employees have a duty to be forthright and truthful when interacting with the independent auditors, and
AICPA Code of Professional Conduct ET Section 101.02 Rule 101- 1 Independence: This section outlines specific relationships that impair auditor independence. There is a provision for other considerations that defines the reasonable person test for determining if there is a threat to independence.
According to ICAEW, auditor independence mainly refers to the independence of the external auditor from parties that have an interest in the financial statements of the business being audited. It requires having both integrity and an objective manner to the auditing process. In order for the concept to be deemed effective the auditor needs to carry out their work freely. One of the main purposes of auditing is to increase credibility of the entity’s’ financial statements, as they have expressed their own professional opinion on the truth and fair view in accordance with the proper accounting standards used. This is only possible if the audit is made with reasonable assurance that it has come from an independent source and has not been influenced by other parties, such as managers, directors or by conflict of interest.
The aim of this essay is to study the function of external auditors in order to analyze why it is important to be independent. The primary mission of external auditors is to review and evaluate all the financial records of a company or corporation. They provide an objective opinion on the organization’s financial statement and effectiveness of the accounting polices in order to help management to make decisions. If the independence of the external auditors is impaired, the public will doubt the quality of professional auditing services, and the consequence would be very serious, just like the bankruptcy of Enron led to the disorganization of Arthur Andersen, once a giant accounting company in the world. In order to maintain and increase
Introduction A company prepares financial statement to provide information about its financial position and performance. This information is in turn used by a wide range of stakeholders (such as investors, banks, customers, suppliers etc) in making economic decisions with respect to respective economic interest in the company. Typically, in terms of ownership by investment in shares of the company, shareholders though own the company but do not manage it. Therefore, the shareholder and other such stakeholders to get comfort in taking sound decision need independent assurance from the auditors that the financial statements reflect true and fair view of the company affairs in all material respects. Hence, in order to enhance the level of