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The influence of Individual Visit Scheme Essay

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Academic Year 2013/2014
MGMT4160-42121

Selected topics in Management
Group project

Title:
The influence of Individual Visit Scheme in Hong Kong and Macau

Background
The Individual Visit Scheme (IVS) began on 28 July 2003. This scheme allows Mainland resident visit Hong Kong or Macau on an individual basis. Before the scheme, China resident must travel to Hong Kong or Macau with a business visa or group tours. In general, as long as people is in the scope of cities, it can take the simple visa (Special licensing) procedure going to Hong Kong or Macao, people can stay at most a week in the period. From now, 49 Mainland China cities’ resident can use individual traveler visit Hong Kong and Macao.
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The imbalance of industrial structure, the high earning of gambling industry in Macau drives other industries’ manpower flow to the gambling industry that other industry’s manpower is shortage, the small and medium enterprises difficult to maintain their living.

Second the Parallel Traders problems increase the demand of household items especially for baby milk powder that affects the local residents’ demand which caused the Hong Kong government enacted the limit of milk powder.
Parallel Traders lead to influence on the surrounding environment and the rent increased, especially Sheung Shui and Tai Po of Hong Kong those boundary areas.
Serious traffic congestion, both Macau and Hong Kong are facing many vehicles and many Mainland visitors crowd in street and Macau’s street restricted by terrain, narrow and circuitous. More and more casino’s construction projects started many vehicles, tour bus and free shuttle bus come into use pushing the pressure on the traffic.

Crime increased, Hong Kong and Macau has increased many crimes due to open for Individual visit scheme especially for Mainland. The visitors breached the law most of them was sneaked to Hong Kong or Macau but after the scheme the criminals was through the boarder gate openly came to Hong Kong or Macau.

The cases of
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