The law of Contempt

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“Many laws exist in Britain restraining the media. In 1992, the White Paper, Open Government, identified 251 laws outlawing information disclosure. Two years later the Guild of Editors listed 46 directly relating to journalists. The laws of libel, contempt, defamation, obscenity and ‘gagging’ injunctions to stop alleged breaches of confidence all act as restraints on the media.” (Keeble, Richard/ Ethics for Journalists)
The law of contempt can often be criticized by the media and has previously been branded as unfair on the careers of many journalists. Article 10 gives anyone the right to freedom of expression, which includes the right to hold opinions, and to receive and impart information without state interference. This includes the right to communicate and to express oneself in any way, whether this be through words, pictures, images or actions - including through public protest and demonstrations. The right to freedom of expression could not be more crucial than in a democracy; information and ideas help to inform the public and are essential in doing so. Having said this, contempt of court laws in Scotland are in place to ensure that every person standing for trial has the right to a fair trial, and will receive this.
Contempt law is now largely governed by the Contempt of Court Act 1981. The Act was passed as a result of several UK defeats before the European Court of Human Rights and its aim was to make the law clearer and more liberal. The Act was also designed in
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