The mysterious and powerful Khmer Empire was evolved by more than a strict and enforced political

700 WordsApr 23, 20193 Pages
The mysterious and powerful Khmer Empire was evolved by more than a strict and enforced political system. Kings such as Jayavarman II who established an empire that would stand for over six centuries, did so with religious power and privilege. This allowed rulers rise above fellow kingdoms to control their states. With a large, dedicated and mobilised military along with the strategic position of Angkor in a secluded and shielded area further developed the area of Angkor the Khmer Empire. Along with many civilisations, religion was a crucial component to the advancing of the Khmer Empire. The founding king Jayavarman II developed the social structure based on the Indian ‘caste’ system. This allowed him to be referred to as a god-king or…show more content…
There were many disputes between Angkor and its neighbouring states, such as the kingdom of Champa to the east. The purpose of raiding fellow cities was not to dispute fear or warning, but purely to expand the empire. The kings after Jayavarman II followed the path of their predecessor and engaged in territorial wars. They invaded rival kingdoms and took control. One ruler, Suryavarman I directed his military to the west and expanded the empire to Ayutthaya (Thailand and Laos). The efforts of Jayavarman II and his successors to invade neighbouring kingdoms and seize control allowed the empire to expand and rise successfully to power above the entire Khmer region. During the beginning of its formation, the empire relied largely on the isolated and protected area it resided in to build and develop the empire further. It was situated in the North of Tolne Sap Lake, in an area later known as Angkor. Its location was strategically chosen, therefore would serve as the seat of the Khmer Empire. It was surrounded by thick forests that provided protection, with no developed roads or paths that led into Angkor. These jungles and other natural barriers also protected Angkor from being easily accessible to its enemies. The empire is circumscribed with land, sandstone hills, and is remote from the South China Sea… The entrance large enough to invade the civilisation was the Mekong River. It could carry an army into Angkor, however the military population of

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