The 's Best Friend ( Larson, And Orlando 2017

1785 WordsApr 11, 20178 Pages
The eager to please and endearingly tame animals that we know today as the domestic dog (MacHugh, Larson, and Orlando 2017) evolved from Pliocene variants of Canis Lupus, the wolf (Vilà et al. 1997). Late Pleistocene canines that fall morphologically somewhere between this wolf and the modern dog have been directly associated with early European human settlements as long ago as 40,000 BP (Germonpré et al. 2009). The close relationships that one can see today between humans and their canine companions have endured tens of thousands of years; more so than any other domesticate, Canis lupus familiaris is indeed humanity’s best friend (Larson and Bradley 2014; Bennett 1977). The oldest remains of the Canis genus to be found in Europe, the most…show more content…
By approximately 10,000 BP a new manner of existence had arisen within human societies, the deliberate cultivation and manipulation of plants and animals for agriculture. The domestication of the dog, from a now-extinct Pleistocene wolf ‘ghost population’ (Thalmann et al. 2013), is thought to have occurred at least by 15,000 (Shannon et al. 2015), making it the first animal to be domesticated by humans and the only animal to be domesticated before the advent of agricultural societies. Additionally, while the first remains that researchers have been able to be confidently designated as dogs appear in the archaeological record at approximately 15,000 BP, recent analyses of Paleolithic Canis cranial remains from the Czech Republic have been undertaken by Mietje Germonpré, Martina Lázničková-Galetová, and Mikhail V. Sablin (2012). Their comparative study of the snout lengths, braincase capacities and carnassials of both these remains and modern wolves and dogs suggest the presence of Paleolithic “proto-dogs” (MacHugh, Larson, and Orlando 2017). It is reasonable to debate whether the beginnings of dog and wolf divergence necessitate equivalence with the beginnings of domestication (MacHugh, Larson, and Orlando 2017), and it is reasonable to question if these remains could merely be indicative of a morphologically distinct and

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