The 's Control Theory And Merton 's Strain Theory Essay

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On the sunny day of June 4, 2014 in Monkton, New Brunswick, 24-year-old Justin Bourque loaded his rifle, drove his truck to a local gas station, and brutally murdered 3 RCMP officers. In the aftermath of this shocking crime, criminologists ask themselves two questions: why did this happen, and even more importantly, how can we prevent it from happening again? Hirschi’s Control Theory and Merton’s Strain Theory suggest that Bourque’s failure to properly bond with our society and his inability to succeed within it directly led to the most extreme form of social deviance: murder. Considered one of the worst crimes in Canadian history (The Canadian Press, 2014), on the day of June 4, 2016, 24-year-old Justin Bourque of Moncton, New Brunswick killed three RCMP officers, Const. Fabrice Gevauden, Const. Dave Ross, and Const. Douglas Larche. As well as seriously injuring Const. Eric Dubois and Const. Darlene Goguen. (Daily Gleaner, 2014) After shooting the officers, a thirty-hour man chase ensued until Bourque was finally captured. Once in captivity, Bourque was questioned about his motives and eventually admitted to the interrogators that “[he] wanted to set fire to three or four gas stations and then sit, shoot and scoot. [Bourque] would have taken more Mounties down and just kept going from there” (CBC Television, 2014) Bourque lived alone in a trailer park after leaving his family home two years previous and it was noted by family members that Bourque’s emotional and mental
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