Amenhotep III reigned in ancient Egypt from roughly 1391 to 1353 B.C.E. and is most recognized for his construction of The Luxor Temple and hundreds of shrines he had built. (O’Connor, 2001) Throughout the course of this class we have been asked conceptualize different artifacts and determine what this artifact says about the royal figure that contracted it. Amenhotep’s Luxor Temple and the 250 statues that he commissioned show us that his reign was focused on impressing the rich and powerful people who surrounded him. This is based on who was intended to see the Luxor temple and what impression the temple would have left on its audience. Historians cite Akhenaten and Tutankhamun as the source of radical change in Egyptian history (Berman, 2001), when in reality Amenhotep III started the legacy of art appreciation that continued on to his successors.
Amenhotep’s 38 year reign is described as “a period of peace and affluence.” (Bryan, 2003) The Pharaoh Amenhotep III was married to Queen Tiyi and a few “lesser wives” he was also the father of Akhenaten, who would grow to become a widely disliked Pharaoh. (Berman, 2001) Amenhotep III encouraged foreign exploration during his reign and was a driving force in international trade. Perhaps this exploration of the world influenced
Amenhotep in regard to how he wanted others to perceive him. If anything, the Luxor Temple, and the various artifacts that have been excavated from it display the esteem that this 18th century Egyptian