The technology of Australian time The bionic Ear

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The technology of Australian time The bionic Ear

Advancements in Information Technology have now made it possible to restore hearing to the profoundly deaf by inserting a prosthetic device called the Bionic Ear (also known as the Cochlear Implant) in an individual’s inner ear. The Bionic Ear technology is an example of design and innovation combined with information processing, software design and development. Since it was first invented, technology advancements proceeded on a parallel track in terms of miniaturisation and increasing sophistication of this Bionic Ear technology. This particular technology operates by delivering electrical stimuli to the auditory nerve which then triggers auditory
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The device can be implanted to aid two types of individuals:
- The Post-Lingual Deaf: individuals who have learnt a spoken language before going deaf.
- The Profoundly Deaf: individuals who have lost their hearing before they acquired language.

How does the technology work?
The Bionic Ear consists of two main components:
1. an electronic device, which is surgically implanted under the skin behind the ear.
2. An external speech processor that is worn on a belt or placed in a pocket. A microphone is also worn outside of the body as a headpiece behind the ear to obtain sounds.
Sounds and speech are captured by a microphone and sent to the external speech processor. The processor then translates the sounds into electrical signals, which are then sent to the transmitting coil. These codes travel up a cable to the headpiece and are transmitted across the skin through radio waves to the implanted cochlea electrodes. The electrodes’ signals then stimulate the auditory nerve fibres to send information to the brain where it is interpreted as meaningful sound.

(Social Aspects) Advantages
The Bionic Ear has revolutionised the lives of deaf individuals all over the world, it is not only a great scientific achievement, but also a great progression in a socio-cultural context within the lives and communities of the deaf and hearing-impaired individuals. The Bionic Ear with the aid of IT has provided new capabilities and in turn gives individuals new choices of
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