The village saint

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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

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GCE Ordinary Level

MARK SCHEME for the October/November 2009 question paper for the guidance of teachers

2251 SOCIOLOGY
2251/01

Paper 1, maximum raw mark 90

This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began, which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers.
Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the
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Any other reasonable response.
1 mark for a partial explanation and a further mark for some form of explanation.
(e) Describe two reasons why participant observers may find it difficult to record their observations accurately when studying the group.
[4]
Answers may focus on: participant observers are part of the interaction and therefore may find it difficult to record the data; data often is recorded from memory and is therefore selective. The researcher may become too closely identified with the group under study. Any other reasonable response. 1 mark for a partial explanation and a further mark for some form of explanation.
(f) Describe two strengths and two limitations of qualitative data in sociological research. [8]
Strengths include: valid and detailed account of social interactions, a flexible form of research where new research ideas and directions may emerge, such research provides the only way of studying certain social groups. Any other reasonable response.
Limitations include: such studies may lack reliability, owing to the size of studies, it is difficult to generalise; some forms of qualitative research can be said to be unethical, e.g. covert observation, and often such research is expensive and
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