Lee writes, “ all they do is sing their hearts out for us…” (...). Atticus’s speech relates to this line. He shares what truly is paining their community and may convince the jury to do the right thing during his speech. He sang his heart out and made himself vulnerable to society. In this way, Atticus shows a sense peacefulness by saying, “This is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men” (273). By this, Atticus means there is no race that is more capable of an act than another. Lee portrays Atticus as not only honorable but also truthful and mindful of others. In this scene, he tries to apply logic to this situation to bring peace between colored and white people. By setting all people equal to one another, society begins to change. Atticus uses this line to represent the problem at hand and an underlying problem in his community. This problem, also known as “Maycomb’s usual disease” (117), is an issue of prejudice and cruelty. Citizens of the small town and those from the surrounding area catch this “disease” from a desire to fit in. Scout and Jem never caught this disease due to their father’s morality. In these ways, Atticus is like a mockingbird because he does the right thing and is able to be just. Atticus’s ability to treat all equally is the most important quality he possesses.
Outside the town limits, across the old sawmill tracks, lies a building with old paint crumbling off the sides and a cemetery lying right beside it. The brick-hard clay covered the land underneath both the churchyard and the cemetery. There lied crumbling tombstones and some new ones as well. Each one having an assortment of shattered coca-cola bottles, colorful glass, and dozens upon dozens of burnt out candles surrounding them. This was a happy place. The sweet aroma of Negro blossomed in the air, curating a scent of peppermint, snuff, and sweet lilac. It felt welcoming and homely. During the mid-1920s, in the darling town of Maycomb, Alabama, not all people had such a humbleness to them. Many people were not treated with the same respect and kindness as others, as shown in the novel, To Kill A Mockingbird. Throughout the novel, To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, shows concerns about social class and how it affects everyone around them. Being different during the mid-1930s was excruciating, even though they were factors that can’t be controlled, and Lee wanted to make a point about that.
Harper Lee’s novel, To Kill A Mockingbird, is a realistic story that deeply discusses issues involved with the 1930’s that still resonate today. The struggles of life are evident within the believable characters of Maycomb County which is a microcosm, reflective of universal issues. Along with the authentic characters, setting and style also helps to convey Lee’s controversial notions of racial and gender prejudice, and persecution of the innocent, discussing many other ideas within.
Anthony Storr says that, “Originality implies being bold enough to go beyond accepted norms “ Social norms imply that everyone is the same or does something the same way, to break that you need to go out of your comfort zone and be bold enough to break those norms. Although it is very common for there to be social norms in society, when someone breaks one it can be the very first step to making the world a better place.
Scout’s illustration of Atticus not participating in activities that is, to Maycomb, social norms, not only makes Atticus stick out like a sore thumb as a character in general, but also the ideals and values that the character holds. The words Scout uses to describes Atticus as a man who “never went hunting” (Lee 118) or does not “play poker or fish or drink or smoke” (Lee 118) insinuate that Atticus holds equity dear to his heart with resolute. Atticus holding his ideals of equity, allows for him to hold his occupation as lawyer with pride, as the law, in practice, is delivering of truth, revealing the hidden aspects within the courtroom, the trial for justice, and carries out equity even when placed within a town that shares different values, and yet still be able to commune with those within
He knows that even if the whole town is against him, he needs to be different, and stand up for what he knows is right. In this situation Atticus was being a nonconformist, and trying to do what was right. I think that most people, today, know that black people used to be treated very poorly, and someone in the ousts sticking up for them was hard to come by. If no one ever made the choice like Atticus, then our world would never change. It is like if everyone only liked pizza, and did not want to change their opinion about it, they would never eat anything else. At some point someone has to take actions and try to eat more foods, it would make everything so much better. This relates back to Atticus and Maycomb because if he had nev decided to take the case, and try, Maycomb would never even start to change and except black people like Tom. Would you want a world with no change? I don't think so. It is important to have a world with change, and this all starts with one voice, the voice of a non-conformist, an upstander. The importance doing this is huge in the book. When Atticus decided to defend Tom, it created a spark of change. He changed the minds of some people, including his kids, Jem and Scout. In the end it is easy to see that the “ways of Maycomb” are slowly starting to change, just little by little. The only way this could have started is by one person standing out, and that was Atticus.
Halfway through the novel, Scout encounters complications when she visits her relatives at Christmas and becomes entangled in a fistfight with her cousin over Atticus defending Tom Robinson. This is where Scout gets the first inklings of the idea that she, Atticus and Jem, do not belong with the social standards that the rest of the family follows. Further obstacles arise when Aunt Alexandra starts living with the Finch’s. Aunt Alexandra, more of a hassle than a help to Scout, attempts to bring her up to be a ‘proper young lady’, much to Scout’s displeasure. Scout does not feel as though she belongs to the societal standard of growing up to become a lady. The Finch’s family life is then juxtaposed with the life of the black population of the town. The black community has a lower social class than the white
In the Bildungsroman novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, the protagonist Jean Louise “Scout” Finch lives in Maycomb, Alabama. In Maycomb, races are segregated and people are alienated; Arthur “Boo” Radley was isolated by most of Maycomb, for example. In the novel, Scout met people in different social classes such as: Robert E. Lee “Bob” Ewell, Tom Robinson, Calpurnia, and Atticus Finch. Through the use of complications, imageries, and characters, Lee implies stereotypes and how a person’s development can be impacted by social classes.
This time period is one of racial discrimination and social inequality; two subjects young Scout Finch is only beginning to comprehend. Scout is hearing talk around school and town about her father defending a black man and calling him a “nigger-lover”. She pesters Atticus to give her an explanation; Atticus tells Scout who he is defending, a black man named Tom Robinson. When Atticus remarks that, “there’s been some high talk around town to the effect that I shouldn’t do much about defending this man,” (Lee 86) Scout asks why he is doing it if he knows it’s bad. Atticus explains that his values and morals compel him to fight for the case. He tells her to disregard the snide comments made by her peers and fellow neighbors; Atticus knows it’s a hopeless cause to fight, but he will try to win because he is an honorable man and he truly believes in Tom’s cause. Atticus will have to face the wrath of his townsfolk and racial discrimination, but he is emotionally attached to the case and will fight for it. As he teaches his kids to ignore the hate and carry on without worrying about society, he is also re-assuring himself any dispelling any doubts he might have concerning his involvement.
Everyone in the world has their own identity; have you ever thought about what your identity is? Identity plays a big role in the world especially in America where not all identities are good. People might identify a wealthy person as “snotty rich” or a poor person as “defective” or maybe someone calls a man a woman when they're really a man. Or maybe you call someone a terrorist just because they are middle eastern. The list goes on and on and thats why social forces influence identities and can become dangerous. Gender, race, and social class are all forms of social forces.
Evidence: In killing the ‘mad dog’ the first initial reaction leaves the reader with an ironical sense of “why would Atticus do a cruel thing like that?” feeling. This concept is an idyllic symbol that represents the whole society of Maycomb as a whole. There is the way Atticus is indeed against using a gun normally as it “gives him an unfair advantage over nature”, however, since he knew he had to terminate the rabid dog and keep it from harm to anyone, he did it.
In the story, there is a mad dog that comes walking down the road. Atticus's kills the mad dog before it can cause any harm or damage. In a way, this mad dog represents the racism of the town. Atticus wants to kill all the racism in the town. The book states, “In a fog, Jem and I watched our father take the gun and walk out into the middle of the street… The rifle cracked. Tim Johnson leaped, flopped over and crumpled on the sidewalk… He didn't know what hit him.” Scout and Jem always thought their father was a boring and plain man. But when he shoots a dog right in front of them, their opinions change. Atticus Finch is considered the dead shot of Maycomb. Atticus strongly believes that racism needs to be ended. When he was teaching Scout a lesson he said, “ As you grow older, you’ll see white men cheat black men every day of your life, but let me tell you something and don’t you forget it-whenever a white man does that to a black man, no matter who he is, how rich he is, or how fine a family he comes from, that white man is trash” (Lee 220). Do you just anyone could shoot a dog right in front of their children?
Life is like a thrill ride; one never knows what will be in store for them. Many characters in the story To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee feel the same way about life, having experienced many surprising and unexpected turns of events. This story is about a sleepy southern town filled with prejudice, and a lawyer’s quest, along with his children Scout and Jem, to take steps in ridding the town of its prejudiced attitude. Despite being a white man, a lawyer named Atticus, defends an innocent black man accused of raping a white woman. However, everything does not go as was hoped, and the mindset of the society overpowered Atticus’s fair-minded argument. From this emerges a theme regarding the bigotry and bias overwhelming Maycomb: A
Prejudice within the white community is another theme that is explored in the novel. In the novel the member of the white community being singled out is Boo Radley. Boo Radley is singled out by almost everyone in the white community including Scout. Scout singling out Boo is important because it is part of the novels narrative which is that the events are seen from the innocent, non biased point of view (Scout). The innocence of scout is made apparent when she says “I think there’s just one kind of folks” which is her unknowingly occurring the values that Atticus has installed in her. This links to the characterisation of racial divide which is an important feature of the novel. Also as aforementioned this is an example of Scout subconsciously portraying her innocent personality. The quote “when they finally saw him, why he hadn’t done any of those things...” , “Atticus he was real nice” Is again an example of Scouts innocence.