Theme Of Guilt In The Scarlet Letter

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Nathaniel Hawthorne was a famous american author. Hawthorne’s most famous novel The Scarlet Letter was written in 1850. Throughout this novel, Hawthorne explores many different types of themes. In his novel, The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne uses symbolism of The Scarlet Letter, Pearl, and the Leech to contribute to the overall theme of guilt.
To begin with, Hawthorne uses the scarlet letter “A” to contribute to the theme of Guilt. The townspeople no longer see a beautiful woman Hester Prynne, the protagonist of this story, the same way before her sin. They see nothing but a shameful, sad, pitiful, breathing sin, and disgraceful woman who committed a horrific crime of adultery. Hawthorne explains, the good wives explaining “This
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This quote explains how Pearl is bringing great pain and guilt in Hester’s life for committing adultery. As the novel continues, the townspeople see Pearl for nothing but a sin baby. Although her name Pearl meaning pure, purchased with great price, and Hester’s only treasure, she is now only sin and Hester’s guilt. Hester feels guilty that she has brought Pearl into the world because now her baby is known for sin and that’s what the townspeople will forever see Pearl as, a sin baby. Hawthorne explains, “The rumor the townspeople had spread that Pearl was a child of a demon and born out of sin”(Hawthorne 82). This quote shows that the townspeople whisper about her and speak of Pearl being nothing but a sin baby. Pearl being alive is bringing guilt to Hester everyday.
Lastly, Hawthorne uses the leech to contribute to the theme of guilt. Hawthorne purposely uses the term "leech" for "physician" because of its obvious double meaning. As a doctor, Chillingworth, he is self-absorbed and both physically and psychologically monstrous and lusts for revenge against Dimmesdale, seems to be making complicated medicines that he learned at the feet of the Indians; he also appears to be sucking the life out of Dimmesdale, he and Hester became lovers. Although he will not confess it publicly, he is the father of her Pearl. Hawthorne explains, “He's learned enough to get by as the physician, but he acts as the leech with Dimmesdale, keeping so close to the man that he's almost
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