Theme Of Pessimism In A Grain Of Wheat

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daughter. Mwihaki wonders why Jesus did not prevent the violence in their country. Njoroge has a strong faith in God. He replies that God works in mysterious ways. They speculate about whether Gikuya are being punished for some one’s sins. Mwihaki is a symbol of innocent victim. Isaka brings Njoroge and other youths to a church. He insists Njoroge that he would never join the Mau Mau because he has devoted his life to Jesus. The officers bring Isaka into the forest and shoot him. Njoroge feels sick. The officers were actually looking for Boro and his guerillas, who are staked out in the forest. Boro thinks about his brother Mawngi, who died in the World War II. In fact, his entire life is devoted to avenging Mwangi’s death. He believes that…show more content…
Njoroge who begins his life as an optimist, who believes in tomorrow ends up as a pessimist saying “All was a dream. We can only live today” (133). This transition is convincingly drawn by Ngugi through the narrative strategies. The suffering of Njoroge is indicated by “darkness” in the novel. There is a contrast between light and darkness. The two sections of the novel move from “ Waning Light” to “Darkness Falls” [Titels of the two divisions of the novel.] The confrontation of struggle changes Njoroge’s attitude towards life. His brothers Boro ad Kamau are sentenced to death for being members of Mau Mau rebellion which was begun by the natives to get what is due to them: a normal justified organization. Even a casual visit to Jacobo’s house which is compelled by Mwihaki makes Njoroge a culprit associated with the murder of Jacobo and later Mwihahi herself refuses to see him. He understands the world now. His concept of life changes; he learns through his unpleasant and humiliating experiences. To this learning Njoroge has to pay heavily, his father’s death, his brother’s education and the discontinuation of his education: All these experiences now come to Njoroge as shocks that showed him a different world from that he had belived himself living
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