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Theme Of Reason In Dante's Inferno

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The theme of equilibrium between reason and faith is one of the core messages of Inferno and it is essential in conveying the main idea of the Divine Comedy and of the pilgrim’s journey that the exploitation of intellect and the misuse of will is the cause of sin, and that through faith, those who are morally lost find their salvation in God. In Inferno Dante makes it clear that he greatly values knowledge and reason in a way that is more characteristic to the Renaissance rather than of his own Medieval time. However, throughout this first book, the author reminds the audience of the Christian nature of his poem as he uses the stories of the sinners he encounters to stress the idea that without faith, the intellect is not sufficient to achieve divine salvation and that the misuse of reason can often lead to terrible sins.
Dante presents the importance of reason and his admiration for the classics through extensive allusions to ancient literature, specifically Virgil’s Aeneid, and through the inclusion and appraisal of his other favorite classical poets. Dante makes his belief in the power of reason and faith clear from the beginning, as he, through Virgil’s words, describes sinners as “people who have lost the good of the intellect” (Inferno 2.16). Through this claim, the author brings forth the idea that reason is needed in order to prevent one from wrongdoing, as sin is the abandonment of reason in the face of achieving an immoral goal.

Throughout the book Dante uses
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