Theme Of Religion In The Epic Of Gilgamesh

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What does it say about its society?
The Epic of Gilgamesh places gods and men in well-defined position in the hierarchy of beings. Moving from one step to another is considered pride and the gods condemn the action and punish it even if it happens to a god. Some gods are punished too for perfuming functions that are not in their position. For instance Enlil makes a proud decision to destroy mankind by floods hence he was humbled for that. The disapproval by the gods makes Enlil granting Utnapishtim and his beloved wife life as penance which made the gods accepting their places . Learning ones position is a main lesson in the epic making them to learn humility like Gilgamesh. Some characters
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Water it’s used in the epic to cleanse the characters and signifies transition from one stage to another. Enkidu cleanse himself after being with the harlot to mark his transition to civilization from the wilderness. He leaves behind the world of animals to join the world of human beings. There are so many other cases of ritual cleansing in the Epic of Gilgamesh and in each of the cases water is used to mark a special occasion in the story. After slaying the Bull of Heaven, Enkidu and Gilgamesh clean themselves to avoid the wrath of the gods. Gilgamesh cleanse himself when he acquired the magic plant that made him immortal to transit to immortal state. Enkidu washes himself when he tasted the beer and cooked food at the camp of the shepherd. Ninsus cleanse herself when she was going to see Shamash. Gilgamesh cleanse himself when he returned from the Cedar Forest. After Enkidu’s death, Gilgamesh conducted a reverse baptism to protect himself. Sidur tells Gilgamesh to cleanse himself but he rejects the request. Utnapishtim commands the boatman to cleanse Gilgamesh before they return home. The snake steals the magic plant which made Gilgamesh immortal. He regrets losing the plant although the baptism made his mortality and made it
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