Theme Of The Dead

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“A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man” ends with a beginning. Stephen Dedalus, the protagonist, emerges in the last pages of the last chapter as the ‘I’ who will “forge in the smithy of my soul the uncreated conscience of my race”. Stephen Dedalus is James Joyce’s alter ego and this novel is a representation of the various instances in Joyce’s personal life. Similar to this novel, is “The Dead”, the last story in the Dubliners collection of short stories written by Joyce. There is a naturalistic depiction of the middle class Irish life in and around the city of Dublin during the early twentieth century. Gabriel Conroy, the protagonist in “The Dead”, is also a masque of Joyce’s personality which he fears to become. Both the stories are characterised…show more content…
Third person limited implies that the narrator has access to only one person’s consciousness and this is evident in both the stories written by Joyce. Although the two stories are similar in this apect, there is a slight difference in the writing styles. “The Dead”, on one hand, is an example of interior monologue, whereas the latter is an example of narrated monologue. Interior monologue deals with first person present tense and narrated monologue deals with third person past tense. It can be observed that there is a “dual voice”, i.e voice of the narrator and the voice of the character, in “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man”. The usage of dual voice is an indication of Free Indirect Discourse style of writing. Although Joyce has used the “stream of consciousness” technique in both his writings, the switching from present to the past and back from present to the future, the randomness of the occurrence of events are more vivid in A…show more content…
Specific instances like “When you wet the bed, first it is warm then it gets cold”, “He felt a warm glow creeping up from the cold shivering sheets”, “and he felt his forehead warm and damp against the prefect's cold damp hand”, from A Portait, show the constant repetition of this contrasting theme of hot and cold. Adding to the usage of this contrasting theme is an example, “It was very cold. Her face, fragrant in the cold air, was quite close to his, and suddenly she called out to the man at the furnace: --Is the fire hot, sir?”, from The Dead. Various other contrasting themes like “bright and dark” and “maroon and green”, have been stated in Joyce’s

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