Themes Of Illusion And Reality By Bret Easton Ellis's ' Trainspotting ' And ' American Psycho '

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The use of counter culture and ideology can provide unique perspectives on the issues faced by everyone, even those who do not acknowledge it. Trainspotting by Irvine Welsh portrays a drug addict who rejects any conventions of normalcy in the pursuit of an alternate reality. American Psycho by Bret Easton Ellis does the same through the depiction of a rich and greedy Wall Street tycoon. This essay will closely analyze the themes of illusion and reality in Trainspotting and American Psycho. The relationship between the fantasy world and the “real” world in these texts are closely linked and aid the narrative in a criticism of social and structural issues. The texts are often criticized as glorifying drug use and violence however through analyzing the effect of narrative, drug use and culture on the characters reality and illusions will argue that the elements of drug use and violence help in the deconstruction of greed and popular culture in the texts. Trainspotting begins with Renton’s "Choose Life" monologue in which he argues that he can either have a conventional life or he can try to do something out of the norm. Coincidentally drug-culture is able to act as oppositional to conventions and normality and allows him to follow through with his monologues assertion. Whether he uses drugs to escape conventional life or escapes conventional life through drug use the reality that his addiction has on his life is complete and utterly encompassing. The effect of dialect and

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