Case 1 tells the story of Henry Molaison (HM), a man with no memory. He lost his memory due to the operation of suctioned out the hippocampus to treat his epileptic seizures. At that time, it was not known yet that the hippocampus was essential for making memories. After operation, his seizures were significantly reduced, but Henry suffered a global amnesia. Owen et al. (2007) describes patients with global amnesia as perceptive and attentive but with a total loss of short-term memory and some trouble accessing memories of the recent past. Henry could not learn new things as he quickly forgot everything that he had learned. He could learn at a subconscious level only.
Electroencephalogram (EEG) – an EEG records electrical activity OF the brains through electrodes affixed to the scalp. People infected with epilepsy frequently have variation in their brain waves, even when they are not having an attack.
Anterograde Amnesia is the inability to store new information after the brain damage has occurred. (Luke Mastin 2010). Anterograde Amnesia is very rare, in fact there have a few cases where the amnesia was "pure". The symptoms and hardship of the person depend on the cause for the memory loss. Some symptoms of Anterograde Amnesia are partial memory loss, having a hard time recognizing relatives or family, feeling of confusion, difficulty taking in new information, inability to remember familiar places, and difficulty in learning and remembering new things.(PHC Editorial Team 2013) Characteristics of Anterograde Amnesia are abnormally small hippocampi bilaterally and elevated hippocampal water.(Mayo Clinic 2014) There are many ways to recognize
Richard F. Thompson was a memory scientist who conducted research on where and how memory is stored and transformed in the brain. He conducted research on the cerebellum, which is a lower brain structure that deals with physical movement, to see how reactions are created and reestablished every time a certain thing happens, which is basically a reflex (Hockenbury, Nolan, & Hockenbury, 2016). His research was to study how a basic function reflex occurs, and how the memory knows to react when something occurs again in the same manner. Thompson succeeded in his research, by conducting an experiment with rabbits and their blinking reflexes (Hockenbury, et al., 2016). He designed a way where rabbits would react to a tone in where they would blink to it (Hockenbury, et al., 2016). He then took an extra step away from the brain, and the rabbits would still react in the same way to the tone, which lead him to discover that the main memory function is stored in the cerebellum (Hockenbury, et al., 2016).
Memory is defined as “the mental capacity to encode, store, and retrieve information” (American Psychological Association, 2002). It is a part of the means by which humans function. The process of forming and recalling memories involves various complex neurological processes and disruptions to these processes can result in loss of memory or the inability to form new memories. Amnesia is a memory disorder, in which, due to trauma or a head injury, certain parts of the memory is inaccessible. The two main types of amnesia are anterograde amnesia and retrograde amnesia. Anterograde amnesia refers to the inability to create new memories (Mastin, 2010). “Retrograde
The two concepts that I resonated with are Memory and the Psychodynamic theory. Starting with the Psychodynamic theory is an approach to psychology that studies the psychological forces underlying human behavior, feelings, and emotions, and how they may relate to early childhood experience. This theory is most closely associated with the work of Sigmund Freud, and with psychoanalysis, a type of psychotherapy that attempts to explore the patient’s unconscious thoughts and emotions so that the person is better able to understand him or herself. The second one is Memory; understanding how memory works will help you improves your memory. Which is an essential key to attaining knowledge. Memory is one of the important cognitive processes. Memory involves remembering and forgetting. I chose the two concepts because throughout the class they stood out to the most. Understanding the conscious, subconscious mind and also memory. I’m interested in understanding the human behavior.
Some people suffer memory loss and crazy things and they don't even know it can make your head bleed it is a big factor and we need to find a way of helping it or stopping it.
Alzheimer’s is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory and it is not a normal part of aging, “Although the greatest risk factor is increasing age” (Alzheimer’s Association). Even though our memory begins to deteriorate when we are growing older we don’t necessarily forget we get the “tip of the tongue” effect where we are ale to recollect our memories unlike those with Alzheimer’s.
Amnesia can occur depending on the type and on the cause of amnesia. When the brain is injured, it can interfere with memories because it damages the brain structure that forms the limbic which is what controls the emotions and memories.This can affect many lives because the person could forget a distant relative to a family member as well as it might cause mood swings from being depressed into angry. There is amnesia called neurological amnesia. Neurological amnesia is when the brain gets damaged somehow and what will happen is memory's might get erased or lost. Neurological amnesia can be caused through stroke, seizures, lack of oxygen through the brain like heart attack and long term alcohol drinking. Another type of amnesia is dissociative
First discovered, while Alois was preforming an autopsy on a woman who suffered from memory loss for years.
Amnesia is characterized as loss of memory, or the failure to recollect certainties or occasions. We have two sorts of recollections: the short-term (late, new) and long haul (remote, old) recollections. Fleeting memory is modified in a piece of the cerebrum called the worldly flap, while long haul memory is put away all through broad nerve cell systems in the transient and parietal projections. In Alzheimer's malady, fleeting memory stockpiling is harmed first.
Forgetting loved ones, favorite foods, and even how to put on clothes in the morning. All are signs of people who go through some sort of dementia. These people will never fully regain the memory that once use to be so cherished and held onto. Dementia can happen fast and even without warning. One week a person could be mowing the lawn and having normal conversations, then have a stroke and forget his grandson’s name. Stroke and dementia result in both long and short term disability and worldwide both are major health and social care issues (Greenwood 2016). Dementia has a huge impact on people’s lives and even can cause people to do harm to one another. Not knowing is the scariest thing a human can feel.
The concept of memory is very important to me because my grandfather has been suffering from Alzheimer's. As a result, he suffers from memory loss and often forgets family members and often experiences confusion regarding time and locations. I have watched my grandfather’s condition progressively worsen and my fear of my other family members potentially suffering from the disease in the future is a fear of mine as I am aware of the existence of familial Alzheimer’s