Theological Ethics

1888 Words Aug 28th, 2013 8 Pages
Tanya Ellington – Student No 54021596 Assignment 01 – Unique No. 204488 (Semester 2 – Due Date 12th August 2013)
N.B. The questions are in red, and the answers are in black

Question 1 The nature of Theological Ethics is often misunderstood. Describe some common misunderstandings concerning what theological Ethics involves. Also provide a valid definition of Theological Ethics (33 marks) (600 words) Answer Theological ethics basically is a combination of all ethical concerns and most ethics are action based. Theological ethics encompass various religious beliefs and ideals; however the term “theological” refers mainly to the Christian beliefs and understandings. This is not to say that other religious or philosophical beliefs and ideas
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However Aristotle does explore his conception of goal of the ethical life, which is eudemonia, or "human wellbeing." He believes that in order to lead an ethical life you need to have both moral and intellectual virtue. Quite simply reality is seen in the categories of either accidents or substance. There is a theoretical science which has the purpose of obtaining the truth and the productive science which makes things useful and beautiful. Logic, the basis for Aristotle’s ethics, is the study of these sciences, and logic therefore teaches one how to reason and gain knowledge. For Aristotle ethics is a discipline that is to do with practice. Therefore he says that some practices are good for us and they enable us to fulfil our nature. Right is therefore determined by actions that result in a good ending and wrong would result in bad ending. Aristotle believes that ethics takes us to the highest good, i.e. happiness. If we have good moral virtue we form a good character which leads us to become exceptionally virtuous as a person and in our day to day lives. The question would be “What is the best person to be?”

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Virtue cannot exist if there is no ability to make the right choices that also must avoid both excess and defect. Immanuel Kant bases morality on rational principles of duty rather than on…