Theoretical Approach In Social Work

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4. Theoretical and methodological approach:
This research mainly formulates its arguments within the critical theory in social science using participatory and critical policy analysis. More specifically, three related theoretical and methodological approaches will be used in this study’s analysis. It is crucial to note that not only these approaches share similar foundation relating to, speaking broadly, the Marxist paradigm, but also are these theories and methodologies are interconnected as analytical tools.
1- radical/critical social work theory:
The radical approach in social work is crucially important since instead of using the therapeutic approach of mainstream social work which is characterized by ignorance of the context, focusing on isolated individuals and implicit essentialism, radical social work theory and practice develops a social, contextual and constructivist framework for interventions (Herz & Johansson, 2000: 33)
It may seem that except in some areas such as collective actions, in practice both approaches are similar in terms of providing services for clients. To clarify this misunderstanding, it should be noted that, firstly radical social work do not consider material needs or problem faced by individuals as “signs of their personal and emotional problems” (Payne, 1991: 206) , secondly, emphasizing on the what Payne quotes from Paolo Freire, who is also one of the main inspirational of the participatory methodology, the state of being oppressed is
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