Theoretical Background for Nuclear Proliferation in the Cold War Era

2555 Words Feb 16th, 2018 10 Pages
In 1948, in the result of nuclear bombs crashed in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, a requirement for non-proliferation of nuclear weapons appeared based on their frightening critical power. The U.S, Canada, and the U.K. recommended establishing a commission of nuclear energy under the United Nations in order to fully eliminate the possibility of nuclear energy use for destructive purposes. In the UN General Assembly, all members reached a agreement on prohibition of the possession of nuclear weapons separately.
The United States also gave option that all nuclear-related equipment and actions potentially unsafe to world harmony and security should be under the United Nations’ possession and rule. This proposal, called the “Baruch Plan,” failed to be adopted due to disagreement by the Soviet Union because of its fear of a United States’ nuclear weapons domination. Initially, it was reflection that, proliferation of nuclear weapons was unlikely to broaden because nuclear weapons and technology would be difficult to gain. Though, all permanent members in the current UN Security Council officially got nuclear position. There existed common understanding that horizontal proliferation of…

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