Theoretical Framework Of Mary Ainsworth's Attachment Theory

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Theoretical Framework
The Attachment theory is based on the concept of an “attachment behavioral system” which is a homeostatic process that manages an infant’s proximity of “seeking and contact maintaining behaviors with specific individuals to provide physical or psychological safety and security” (Berman & Sperling, 1994, p.5, as cited in Berghaus, 2011 ). John Bowlby’s Attachment Theory states that the “foundation stone” for a child’s personality, the one that is crucial to their development, is the “emotional connection between the child and their primary caregiver”. Mary Ainsworth’s Attachment Theory (1913–1999) is the other key figure in the foundation of attachment theory (cited by Berghaus, 2011). Ainsworth’s Uganda study is considered as the first developmental study that viewed the infant–mother attachment from an evolutionary perspective which pre-dated Bowlby’s presentation of his formal account of attachment theory to the British Psychoanalytic Society by four years (Bretherton, 2003).
The Attachment theory claims that a person’s ability to form an emotional and physical attachment to another person is crucial for their development. This attachment that a person forms with another would enable the individual to grow and take risks as they would be given a sense of
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It was based on how important were the early relationships in children’s lives for their long term psychological well-being. It argued that the children’s capability of creating positive relationships with other people is influenced when they have warm and satisfying relationships in their early years, which will more likely develop their social and emotional capacity. (Geddes, 2006, as cited in, Butchera & Gersch, 2014, page
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