Theoretical Framework On The Concept Of Pain

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Theoretical Framework on the Concept of Pain Pain is a multidimensional concept which encompasses evolutionarily developed body responses to algesic factors. Impeding individuals’ health, quality of life, and well-being, pain accompanies a wide range of medical conditions. Depending on the etiopathogenesis, all pain syndromes are divided into nociceptive, neuropathic, and psychogenic pain. Factors that cause pain sense modalities are defined as algogenic or nociceptive. Being directed towards eliminating these factors, pain mobilizes a variety of functional systems to protect the body and triggers such psychophysiological components as consciousness, sensation, memory, motivation, emotions, and vegetative, somatic, and behavioral reactions. However, a plethora of theories did not exhaustively explain mechanisms underlying pain sense modalities until 1965 when Ronald Melzack and Charles Patrick Wall suggested the Gate Control Theory of Pain. This theory was the first attempt to unite physiological and psychological factors and develop an integrative model of pain. Today, the Gate Control Theory of Pain is utilized in medical practice and clinical activities to control acute and chronic pain. This paper will explore recent scientific research and current implementation of this theory in clinical practice by reviewing pertinent academic publications. Literature Review In 1965, the Gate Control Theory of Pain was initially postulated by Ronald Melzack and Charles Patrick Wall
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